Entertainment Coronavirus is more common in boys than in girls

Coronavirus is more common in boys than in girls

-

For weeks, experts in infectious diseases have been investigating why the coronavirus is particularly devastating for men. Early theories from China suggest that higher smoking rates could be to blame for men. However, a new study by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) suggests that this may have more to do with biology – especially genetics – than lifestyle.

<p class = "canvas-atom canvas-text Mb (1.0em) Mb (0) – sm Mt (0.8em) – sm" type = "text" content = "The study published on Monday in the CDC Weekly mortality and morbidity reportfound a higher prevalence of COVID-19 in men in every pediatric age group – including infants. Fifty-seven percent of the more than 2,572 pediatric cases of COVID-19 examined (out of a total of 149,750 cases) were found in men aged from newborns to 18 years. “Data-reactid =” 42 “> The study was released Monday in the CDC Weekly mortality and morbidity reportfound a higher prevalence of COVID-19 in men in every pediatric age group – including infants. Fifty-seven percent of the more than 2,572 pediatric cases of COVID-19 examined (out of a total of 149,750 cases) were found in men aged from newborns to 18 years.

To be clear, the investigation did not reveal that parents should now be concerned that their male or female children will be severely affected by COVID-19. The risk for children remains very low.

Most children reported symptoms of cough or fever, but only a small proportion (five percent) were hospitalized, confirming the reports that children often develop a mild case of the virus. Those who were hospitalized reported underlying health conditions far more often than those who did not, including asthma, chronic lung disease, and cardiovascular disease. Only 0.1 percent of the infected children died.

The average age of the more than 2,500 children with COVID-19 was 11 years, with over a third of the cases involving adolescents between 15 and 17 years. However, the most striking statistic for the researchers was that 57 percent of the cases occurred in men – an even higher number than the adult group in which 53 percent of the cases concerned men. The researchers concluded that the higher rate of boys who tested positive in each pediatric age group “suggests that biological factors may play a role in differences in COVID-19 susceptibility by gender.”

What exactly can drive the higher incidence in boys, and should parents consider this a concern? Gregory A. Poland, MD, an infectious disease expert and head of the Mayo Clinic’s vaccine research group, told Yahoo Lifestyle that the study is not a panic and should not be seen as a roadmap for parents with boys. Instead, Poland is helping to unpack what new research can teach us.

Women may have a “sexual advantage” over men in their immune response

Poland says the concept that women are less susceptible to disease is “a generalizable phenomenon that goes beyond infectious diseases” (like COVID-19). “In fact, women tolerate hunger and dehydration and survive longer than men in harsh environments,” Poland told Yahoo Lifestyle. “So there seems to be a sexual advantage for women that men don’t have,” which means a better immune response.

Hormones are unlikely to be the driving factor

Although gender inequality can lead to theories about hormones, studies like this, according to Poland, are why researchers don’t consider hormones to be a source. “These are children who lack hormone levels or differences that we would see after puberty,” Poland says, adding that the inequality of infections can also be seen in postmenopausal women. “This does not mean that there can be no subtle hormonal differences. But it leads to the idea that hormones are important, but it’s only one factor in this complex network that needs to be pulled apart. “

The higher prevalence of COVID-19 in boys may be genetic

Experts still don’t know exactly why women respond better to certain diseases and harsh environments, but Poland says genes could provide the answer. “We don’t understand that fundamentally … but we do know that women – depending on the virus – tend to activate or suppress other genes than men when their cells are exposed to these viruses,” says Poland. “So we believe that a strong driver for this will only be genetic and not just hormonal.”

Some assume that this is related to gender development

There is no evidence that women are better equipped to fight disease due to evolution, but Poland says the idea has been put into practice. “We have no evidence, but people always postulate … the idea in general was:” Is it for the main reason for the multiplication of the species? “He says.” Women need children to have children. You can have many children with a few men, but you can only have them one by one with women. “

<p class = "Canvas atom Canvas text Mb (1.0em) Mb (0) – sm Mt (0.8em) – sm" type = "text" content = "An immunologist at the Heinrich Pette Institute in Hamburg, Germany , Marcus Atlfeld, has another theory in a Scientific American 2016 article that suggests that “women may have developed a particularly fast and strong immune response to protect developing fetuses and newborns.” Poland says that due to lack of evidence, it may not be possible to draw a conclusion. “Data-reactid =” 57 “> An immunologist at the Heinrich Pette Institute in Hamburg, Marcus Atlfeld, has a different theory in a Scientific American 2016 article that suggests that “women may have developed a particularly fast and strong immune response to protect developing fetuses and newborns.” Poland says that due to lack of evidence, it may not be possible to draw a conclusion.

Researchers have found a similar inequality with vaccines

Poland says that men who face disease more often than women are currently being vaccinated. “When you give a vaccine to men or women of all ages, women almost always respond better than men,” says Poland. He says it shows that even when faced with a low viral load of an inactivated disease, women are often able to respond better than men – something that is seen with smallpox, measles, and influenza vaccines.

Women’s “charged immune system” has one disadvantage

Women who respond more effectively to disease can benefit in the midst of a coronavirus pandemic, but Poland says that it also has a negative side – a higher likelihood that the immune system will overreact. “This charged immune system has a negative side,” says Poland. “And that means women have a higher rate of autoimmune diseases – diseases where their own immune systems attack their own bodies.” (According to the National Institutes of Health, about eight percent of the population suffer from an autoimmune disease; 78 percent of them are women).

It could also be true that young girls just don’t show any symptoms

<p class = "canvas-atom canvas-text Mb (1.0em) Mb (0) – sm Mt (0.8em) – sm" type = "text" content = "Like the authors of the CDC study who noticed this many Research restrictions, Poland says that the study does not necessarily mean that there are more boys to get the virus. Instead, it could show that they don’t have the same “quality” of immune response as girls. “There could be many girls out there who had it but had no symptoms,” says Poland. “Maybe she won’t even be tested to know that she has COVID-19. The boy is more likely to have symptoms [and] This can lead to tests. “” data-reactid = “63”> Like the authors of the CDC study, who found many restrictions on research, Poland says that the study does not necessarily mean that there are more boys to get the virus. Instead, it could show that they don’t have the same “quality” of immune response as girls. “There could be many girls out there who had it but had no symptoms,” says Poland. “Maybe she won’t even be tested to know that she has COVID-19. The boy is more likely to have symptoms [and] that can lead to tests. “

Parents should not panic or consider women who are immune to COVID-19

For this and many other reasons, according to Poland, the new research should neither panic boys ‘parents nor consider girls’ parents immune. “I don’t want this to give a parent false security because yes, there were girls who got sick,” Poland told Yahoo Lifestyle. “There were girls who were seriously ill. So I would put it in the category, that’s interesting. More research needs to be done. But for me as a parent, I have adequately protected my children regardless of their gender. “

<p class = "Artboard-Atom Artboard-Text Mb (1.0em) Mb (0) – sm Mt (0.8em) – sm" type = "text" content = "For the latest corona virus news and updates, follow at https://news.yahoo.com/coronavirus. Experts say people over 60 and those with weakened immune systems remain the most at risk. If you have any questions, please contact the CDC and WHO Resource manuals. “data-reactid =” 66 “>For the latest corona virus news and updates, follow at https://news.yahoo.com/coronavirus. Experts say people over 60 and those with weakened immune systems remain the most at risk. If you have any questions, please contact the CDC and WHO Resource manuals.

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Latest news

Sobyanin promised to maintain restrictions until the advent of the vaccine

Sanitary restrictions imposed to control the spread of coronavirus infection COVID-19 will not be fully removed until a disease-protective...

NBA: Minnesota, Houston, Denver and Atlanta trade twelve players – Basketball – NBA – Transfers

At thirty-six hours before the end of the transfer period, the NBA had its first major exchange Tuesday...

human rights defenders targeted by spyware Pegasus

According to Amnesty International, two human rights activists had been "spun" since 2017 by software. A new case that...

Must read

You might also likeRELATED
Recommended to you