Facts: What is happening in Sudan?

Sudan began the process of transition to democracy after a popular uprising in April 2019 toppled the government Omar Hassan al-BashirHe is an Islamist who has distanced himself from the West and has ruled the country for nearly three decades.

Under an agreement concluded in August 2019, . will share sudanese army Authority with appointed officials of civilian political groups within council of state The governor who was due to lead the country to elections by the end of 2023.

Have there been tensions before?

Although the role of the military was supposed to be largely ceremonial, civilians frequently complained about the military overstepping its authority with regard to foreign policy and peace negotiations.

The military accused civilian parties of mismanagement and monopolizing power. A coalition of opposition groups and political parties sided with the armed forces and sought to dissolve the civilian cabinet.

Authorities said in September they had thwarted coup attempt It accused conspirators loyal to Bashir.

What are the differences between?

One point of tension relates to the pursuit of justice over allegations that the Sudanese army and its allies committed war crimes in the conflict in Darfur Since 2003.

The International Criminal Court is seeking to try al-Bashir and other Sudanese suspects, while the civilian cabinet has agreed to extradite the suspects, but the Sovereignty Council has not.

Another point is the investigation into the killing of pro-democracy demonstrators on the 3rd of June 2019, in an incident in which the finger was pointed at military forces. The delay in publishing the results of this investigation angers activists and civil groups.

Civilians have also lobbied for oversight and restructuring of the army, particularly by incorporating the powerful paramilitary Rapid Support Forces, something military leaders oppose.

What about the economy?

The deepening economic crisis, which caused currency depreciation and frequent shortages of bread and fuel, was the trigger for Bashir’s downfall.

executed Transitional government Hard and fast repairs under supervision International Monetary Fund In an attempt it succeeded in attracting foreign funding and debt relief.

Following the reforms, inflation rose to record levels of more than 400 percent. Most Sudanese complain of the difficulty of managing their livelihood.

Protests over economic conditions erupt from time to time.

What about relations with neighboring countries?

Sudan is located in a turbulent region bordered by The Red Sea the coast and the Horn of Africa.

A number of Sudan’s neighbors, such as Ethiopia, Chad and South Sudan, have been affected by political turmoil and conflict.

Since late last year, the conflict in Ethiopia’s Tigray region has pushed tens of thousands of displaced people to Eastern Sudan It has raised military tension on disputed agricultural land on the border.

Sudan is seeking, with Egypt, to reach a binding agreement on employment AlNahda dam Which Ethiopia is building near the Sudanese border.

Talks have stalled, but Ethiopia has begun filling the reservoir behind the dam, which Sudan says could put its citizens, dams and water facilities at risk.

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Here is some background on current events, according to Reuters:

Who is in charge of matters in Sudan?

Sudan began its transition to democracy after a popular uprising in April 2019 toppled the government Omar Hassan al-BashirHe is an Islamist who has distanced himself from the West and has ruled the country for nearly three decades.

Under an agreement concluded in August 2019, . will share sudanese army Authority with appointed officials of civilian political groups within council of state The governor who was due to lead the country to elections by the end of 2023.

Have there been tensions before?

Although the role of the military was supposed to be largely ceremonial, civilians frequently complained about the military overstepping its authority with regard to foreign policy and peace negotiations.

The military accused civilian parties of mismanagement and monopolizing power. A coalition of opposition groups and political parties sided with the armed forces and sought to dissolve the civilian cabinet.

Authorities said in September they had thwarted coup attempt It accused conspirators loyal to Bashir.

What are the differences between?

One point of tension relates to the pursuit of justice over allegations that the Sudanese army and its allies committed war crimes in the conflict in Darfur Since 2003.

The International Criminal Court is seeking to try al-Bashir and other Sudanese suspects, while the civilian cabinet has agreed to extradite the suspects, but the Sovereignty Council has not.

Another point is the investigation into the killing of pro-democracy demonstrators on the 3rd of June 2019, in an incident in which the finger was pointed at military forces. The delay in publishing the results of this investigation angers activists and civil groups.

Civilians have also lobbied for oversight and restructuring of the army, particularly by incorporating the powerful paramilitary Rapid Support Forces, something military leaders oppose.

What about the economy?

The deepening economic crisis, which caused currency depreciation and frequent shortages of bread and fuel, was the trigger for Bashir’s downfall.

executed Transitional government Hard and fast repairs under supervision International Monetary Fund In an attempt it succeeded in attracting foreign funding and debt relief.

Following the reforms, inflation rose to record levels of more than 400 percent. Most Sudanese complain of the difficulty of managing their livelihood.

Protests over economic conditions erupt from time to time.

What about relations with neighboring countries?

Sudan is located in a turbulent region bordered by The Red Sea the coast and the Horn of Africa.

A number of Sudan’s neighbors, such as Ethiopia, Chad and South Sudan, have been affected by political turmoil and conflict.

Since late last year, the conflict in Ethiopia’s Tigray region has pushed tens of thousands of displaced people to Eastern Sudan It has raised military tension on disputed agricultural land on the border.

Sudan is seeking, with Egypt, to reach a binding agreement on employment AlNahda dam Which Ethiopia is building near the Sudanese border.

Talks have stalled, but Ethiopia has begun filling the reservoir behind the dam, which Sudan says could put its citizens, dams and water facilities at risk.

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