Munich. With the tightening of the corona protective measures at the beginning of the month, the proportion of companies with short-time work has also increased. It rose to 28 percent, after 24.8 percent in October, according to surveys by the Munich Ifo Institute. As the economic researchers announced on Monday, the rate rose particularly sharply for hotels from 62.9 to 91 percent of companies. In gastronomy, the share increased from 53.4 to 71.7 percent, and in travel agencies and tour operators from 88 to 91.1 percent.
According to the Ifo Institute, the increase affects almost all major economic sectors. Short-time working among service providers rose from 24 to 30.6 percent of companies, in retail from 18.8 to 20.7 percent and in construction from 7.4 to 9 percent. Only in industry was there a slight decrease, from 31.9 to 30.5 percent.
Individual industries also reported strong declines in the surveys against the trend, for example the automotive industry from 50 to 36.7 percent, the publishing industry from 42 to 34.7 percent and companies for the placement and leasing of workers from 64.2 to 52.5 Percent. The results are based on an additional question about the current short-time work in the monthly business survey of the Ifo Institute. Reports were received from around 7,000 companies. As a result of the economic effects of the corona pandemic, the legislature has lowered the hurdles for short-time work and increased the short-time work allowance.
+++ Many Germans complain about more housework +++
More than 40 percent of people in Germany complain about an increase in housework due to the corona pandemic. This is the result of a representative survey published on Monday by the opinion research institute Forsa on behalf of the mini-job center. Many respondents complained that there are more dirty dishes because people eat more often at home, and that they also have to be cleaned more often.
Families with children were particularly burdened by the pandemic. Here, even three quarters of those surveyed complained about overtime – not least because of the more frequent childcare in their own four walls. At least nine percent of those surveyed said that the corona pandemic made them more aware that housework was fun. It was more often men than women who had this experience.
However, around 15 percent of those surveyed also found that they needed support in the household in view of the additional workload. According to their own assessment, one in four parents needs relief from childcare. A quarter of respondents said their respect for housekeeping and housekeeping had increased in light of recent experiences.
Nevertheless, many consider illegal work in the household to be a trivial offense. At least 38 percent of the respondents said that employing a domestic help without registration was okay or at least partially okay. For comparison: only 17 percent found this when driving fare dodges on buses and trains. According to Dominik Ense from the Institute for the German Economy in Cologne, 90 percent of domestic helpers are actually employed in black.
+++ According to RKI 11,169 new infections reported on Sunday +++
As expected, the health authorities reported comparatively few new corona infections to the Robert Koch Institute (RKI). 11,169 new cases were transmitted within one day, as the RKI announced on Monday morning. The previous high was reached on Friday a week ago (November 20th) with 23,648 reported cases. Last Monday the number was 10,864. The numbers are comparatively low on Sundays and Mondays because, according to the RKI, fewer samples are taken on the weekend and therefore fewer tests are performed overall.
The German health authorities also reported 125 new deaths within 24 hours. The trend in the number of daily deaths had recently gone up, which was also expected after the steep increase in new infections. The total number of people who died with or with a proven infection with Sars-CoV-2 rose to a total of 16,248.
Since the beginning of the pandemic, the RKI has counted a total of 1,053,869 detected infections with Sars-CoV-2 in Germany (as of November 30, 00:00). It is estimated that around 739,100 people have now recovered. According to the RKI management report on Sunday, the so-called seven-day R-value was 0.95 (previous day: 0.96). This means that 100 infected people infect 95 more people. The value represents the occurrence of the infection 8 to 16 days ago. If the value is below 1 for a longer period of time, the infection rate subsides.
+++ Material reserve should be created by the end of 2021 +++
As a consequence of the Corona crisis, the federal government wants to set up a national health reserve with important material such as protective masks at 19 locations in Germany. Health Minister Jens Spahn (CDU) told the German Press Agency: “This pandemic teaches us that we have to take more precautions.” The Corona cabinet should deal with the plans on Monday. According to this, the reserve is to be filled primarily with masks that have already been procured by the end of 2021, then with material from domestic production. The needs of the health system and the federal government are to be kept permanently available for one month.
The core of the reserve should consist of protective equipment, protective masks, ventilators and medication, explained Spahn. »In an emergency, we particularly support those who work in hospitals, nursing homes and medical practices. Good health care shouldn’t fail because of the material. “
At the beginning of June, the federal government decided in principle to set up a “National Health Protection Reserve” and commissioned the ministries involved with a concept. The background is also that protective masks and other material were scarce at the beginning of the Corona crisis in spring. The federal government then went into procurement and decided on incentives for domestic manufacturers. Medical facilities and the federal states should primarily continue to hold their own reserves before access to federal stocks.
The national reserve should in principle be available on a decentralized basis, as stated in a proposal. For the first phase, 16 regional locations are currently planned by the federal government via logistics companies: Apfelstädt, Augsburg, Bergkamen, Biblis, Crailsheim, Dortmund, Emmerich, Euskirchen, Halle, Hamburg, Ibbenbüren, Kabelsketal, Krefeld, Langenhagen, Neuss, Unna. In addition, there are storage areas rented by the federal government for hand disinfectants in Neustadt, Muggensturm and Krefeld. The federal reserve should be compatible with state reserves, and cooperation should also be discussed.
Specifically, the reserve should procure and store certain quantities, but also secure delivery options and production capacities. Such a combination should be able to cover the demand for up to six months – a minimum supply for one month should always be physically available. In addition to supplying the health sector and the federal government, humanitarian aid with protective equipment should also be made possible for the World Health Organization (WHO) and other countries, according to the proposal. dpa / nd