Global sprint for herd immunity two months after the first vaccine

“Let’s see if we can get the virus to go away.” Araceli Hidalgo, 96 years old, was the first to be vaccinated against covid in Spain. On December 27. Two months ago. At his residence in Guadalajara. With the Pfizer BioNtech vaccine. And for her, as for the group of the first vaccinated, receiving the drug was a “pride”. On the same day, in a coordinated manner, it was carried out in the rest of the European Union.

Since then the numbers have not stopped growing. Although the stumbling blocks continue, as the data indicate more than sixty days after that first vaccination.

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Clara Penín

The president of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, summed it up a few weeks ago: “We were too late to authorize, we were too optimistic about mass production, and perhaps we were too sure that what we asked for would be delivered on time.

Today, beyond that of Pfizer, there are seven vaccines that are inoculated in the world, the Chinese and Russian distributed before carrying out large-scale trials. Another awaits approval. And several more are in the testing phase. But it is Pfizer’s by far the most managed. It accounts for over 80% of those used (together with Moderna and AstraZeneca), for example in Spain. And between January and February it suffered delivery delays that delayed the coronavirus vaccination schedule.

Russia on December 5, the United Kingdom on December 8, and the United States on December 14, were the first to initiate vaccinations. European countries did not arrive until the 27th. And in the global race for immunity against covid, decaen. Spain is in the middle positions in the ranking of the number of doses administered per 100 inhabitants. Ahead of the European average. And somewhat ahead of other relevant countries such as Germany, France, Italy or Portugal. But all in less than 10%. Far from the UK and the US, with close to 30% the former and close to 20% the latter. Far from Israel with more than 90%. Or from the Emirates, about 60%.

In Latin America, Chile leads the list (16%). In the Far East there are no surprises: China, although the record of its figures is not constant. In Africa, the case of Morocco stands out (8%), because in the rest it is hardly testimonial where it has been inoculated. Most don’t even have access to one.


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Clara Penín

Thus, herd immunization, making the countries immune from the covid by having most of the population vaccinated, in most cases is still seen as a distant goal. At the current rate, Spain, for example, would not see its 47 million inhabitants vaccinated until mid-2022. And if to this is added what Rafael Vilasanjuan, director of the Barcelona Institute of Global Health, says that “investment in health has become a global security strategy, and the countries that invest the most will have a greater capacity in the economic development, better quality of life and mobility ”, some have taken the lead.

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