After months of work by the Citizen’s Climate Convention, the time has come to take stock: its 150 members will look this weekend at the responses made by the government to their proposals and the follow-up to be drawn from this unprecedented experience.
This Convention, wanted by Emmanuel Macron to respond to the “yellow vests” crisis and launched in October 2019, will hold its 8th and last session from Friday to Sunday at the end of a calendar upset by the movement against pension reform and then the Covid-19. The epidemic also obliges these last exchanges to be held by videoconference.
On the citizens’ menu: review the six major themes on which they have worked (consuming, producing and working, moving around, finding accommodation, eating and strengthening legal protection of the environment) and answering four more general questions.
“What is your assessment of the government’s consideration of the Convention’s proposals?” How do the government’s measures “make it possible to approach the objective of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by at least 40% by 2030 in a spirit of social justice?”, In accordance with the mandate set out in the CCC.
“To what extent has the CCC been useful in the fight against climate change in France?” Can Citizens’ Conventions “improve the democratic life of our country”?
They will vote on each point with a rating system of 0 to 10. Opinions that will be scrutinized a little over a year before the presidential election, while the president is regularly seen as a champion of the climate fight.
However, there will not be a joint final declaration. “We can not take the risk from a distance to try to build a text like that, it’s a shame,” regretted Thierry Pech, co-chairman of the governance committee of the CCC during a press briefing.
– Glass half empty or half full –
The 150 citizens who took part in the adventure, drawn by lot and representative of French society, “showed the image of a French society capable of coming together around an issue that affects us all”, greeted the Minister. of the Ecological Transition Barbara Pompili in an interview with AFP.
Emmanuel Macron had pledged to submit their proposals “without filter” either to Parliament, or to a referendum, or by regulatory application. Out of 149, he finally rejected three proposals: speed limit to 110 km / h on the motorway, introduction of a tax of 4% on dividends, and reform of the preamble of the Constitution. The Head of State, on the other hand, promised a referendum to integrate environmental protection into article 1 of the Constitution.
The government has taken up the other proposals in the Climate and Resilience Bill, which will soon be discussed in the National Assembly, the recovery plan or by regulatory means, such as the ban on heated terraces or new oil-fired boilers from from 2022. Most have been rewritten.
Like other independent organizations, the High Council for the Climate (HCC), set up by Emmanuel Macron, regrets the “reduced scope” of the Climate and Resilience bill and calls on Parliament to “rectify the situation”.
According to another study by the Carbon 4 consultancy firm, commissioned by the four NGOs attacking the State in “the affair of the century”, it is “certain that the measures adopted or envisaged by the State” will not make it possible to achieve the emission reduction targets for 2030, due to the lack of structural reforms.
Conversely, the economic sectors targeted by the measures consider that they go too far. Traders denounce the framing of window advertisements, the automotive sector has battled against a significant penalty on SUVs, which Bercy was also opposed to.
Citizens have already expressed their disappointment. “Asking citizens for their opinion on the climate, taking it vaguely into account and being satisfied with that, is disappointing,” sums up one of them, William Aucant.