Hygiene is the most important thing to prevent salmonella infection

Gastroenterologist Nelly Subero highlighted the importance of maintaining hygiene in homes and when handling food.

Courtesy | The boards must be washed well and separated to avoid cross contamination

Faced with the increase in salmonella cases in the state Anzoátegui, gastroenterologist Nelly Subero recommended maintaining hygiene at home, when handling food to prevent this infection.

Subero said that the contamination in meat and poultry can come from the slaughterhouse, where a good system of sanitation, sanitation or cleaning is not managed.

He added that there is also no health system in markets, restaurants and supermarkets. He highlighted the food fairs as sources of this type of disease.

“The most important thing for prevention is hygiene, separate the vegetables and wash each one separately, separate raw food from cooked food. You have to take good care of the issue of hygiene at home, prepare food with clean hands, “he said.

The specialist stressed that you should wash your hands well with soap and water when handling meat, chickens, fish and eggs. In addition to washing well and separating the boards from meats and vegetables, due to the possibility of cross contamination.

Among the most common cases in his patients, he revealed that some are contaminated by breaking the eggs with the edge of the containers where the preparation is made or adding the yolks separately when cooking.

“If they separate the yolk and finally put it in, they are still contaminating. When preparing mayonnaise or an egg-based sweet, it has to be ingested within 24 hours ”, he added.

High temperatures

Subero explained that salmonella cases would increase because it is a bacterium that can be present in environments up to 50 degrees Celsius.

“Any type of fish, chicken or red meat has to be well cooked, as they carry salmonella and we do not have a sanitary system to supervise restaurant kitchens, or that tests are applied to personnel who handle food,” said the doctor.

He recommended that people who work in food handling have to maintain personal hygiene, wear face masks and gloves to avoid.

Regarding the possibility of being contaminated through the consumption of sausages, he added that the possibilities are few. This type of food should be refrigerated well and if removed from the package, store it in an airtight container.


Subero warned that bacteria can cause diarrhea, fever and vomiting, which is why the patient develops dehydration.

In the case of salmonella, the doctor clarified that the infected person may not present symptoms, but coughing on food contaminates them.

“The most important thing is prevention, food contamination causes enteritis or severe gastroenteritis,” he added.

In addition to salmonellosis, not being hygienic when handling food generates diseases caused by bacteria such as amoebiasis, yersinia enterocolitica, blastocystis hominis, among others.

“The people most predisposed to these diseases are children and adults, as well as those who eat on the street frequently,” Subero said.


The specialist stated that people who, in contact with chicken coops, poultry farms or livestock could also become infected, if they do not comply with good hygiene in their hands.

He recommended that when buying drinking water by refilling it be boiled before consumption, thus preventing contamination by bacteria.

“If we had a sanitary control, these diseases would decrease. If food is touched, they should immediately wash their hands because they are easily transmitted bacteria “, he closed.

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