“We don’t want compromise, no partnership, no negotiation”, recalls Tasabih Ismail, a Sudanese demonstrating Sunday in Khartoum. She protested at the call of the “resistance committees” against the coup d’état perpetrated on October 25 by General Abdel Fattah Al Burhane.
However, while she was fleeing the tear gas launched by the police, the Prime Minister deposed four weeks ago returned to the front of the stage. Abdallah Hamdok was rehabilitated by the putschist general, who placed him under house arrest, and signed a new power-sharing agreement in front of the press.
→ CONTEXT. In Sudan, the repression does not undermine the determination of the demonstrators
Both have promised to put the transition to democracy back on track. Encouraged by the international community, this text was coldly received by the revolutionaries.
An agreement hailed by the UN
“A return to an equation restoring the situation before the coup, so that the putschists remain in the Sovereign Council, is a step back that we totally reject”, writes on his Facebook page Gaffar Abbas, spokesperson for the Forces for Freedom and Change (FFC), the coalition of civilians that signed the transition agreement with the military in August 2019. “If an agreement is reached today between Abdallah Hamdok and the military, we will abandon the prime minister to continue to resist”, warned Mustafa Elhadi, the spokesperson for the resistance committees in southern Khartoum, a few hours before the signing.
A political analyst, based in Khartoum, believes that the violent escalation during the crackdown on the “million marches” of November 13 and 17 has considerably discredited military power in the eyes of citizens: “Ten days ago, such an agreement could have been accepted but after all the bloodshed, no one is going to accept it. The agreement, he continues, shows how disconnected the international community is from what is happening on the streets. “
For its part, the United Nations Integrated Mission for Transition Assistance in Sudan (Minuats) welcomed the announcement of this new step. “To reach a consensus on the revolution of the constitutional and political crisis, which threatened the stability of the country. ” It is this balance at all costs that seems to interest the foreign partners involved in the transition process, initiated after the fall of the thirty years of dictatorship of Omar El Bashir.
“The United States and its allies are ignoring the wishes of the citizens. They got involved in the transition agreement, then in the Juba peace agreement (initialed on October 3, 2020, Editor’s note) and don’t want to start all over again ”, observes Jihad Mashamoun, Sudanese researcher and political analyst.
“The main demands of the international community, namely the release of the Prime Minister and the return to the status quo before the coup, have been met”, Souligne Kholood Khair, codirectrice du think tank Insight Strategy Partners. “The interests of some politicians, including those of the military, prevailed over the popular will. “
In support of her analysis, she underlines the fact that the Ummah party, heavyweight of the Forces for Freedom and Change, condemns the agreement, while its interim president, General Fadlallah Burma, is one of it. of the main instigators.
→ PORTRAIT. Abdel Fattah Al Burhane, from unsung general to strongman of Sudan
The agreement mentions among other things the release of political prisoners, the need to maintain the alliance between the army and civilians until the elections or a restructuring of the committee responsible for dismantling the old regime and forming a united army. The last two points were at the heart of tensions between the two branches of government just before the October 25 coup.
Finally, the agreement provides for an investigation into the violence committed since the putsch, which continued on Sunday afternoon. The Doctors’ Committee, a pro-democracy union, recorded for this single day at least 15 wounded, including two by bullets, and 40 dead since the putsch.