Intel’s 13th-generation Core i processor performance measurement: Raptor Lake returns to the game, multi-tasking performance throne | T Kebang

Intel launched the 13th-generation Core i processor code-named Raptor Lake, which not only improved performance and power efficiency, but also added more E-Cores to the same level of products to enhance the overall multitasking performance.

Small facelifts pack more small cores

Looking back at Intel’s launch of the 12th-generation Core i processor code-named Alder Lake in 2021, it uses LGA 1700 pins and introduces new P-Core performance large cores and E-Core efficiency small cores.Hybrid Heterogeneous Core Architecture, through two processor cores with different design concepts, the ultimate performance of single thread is improved, and the consideration of power efficiency that takes into account multi-tasking performance and power consumption, to achieve the advantage of having both. For more introduction and testing of Alder Lake Core i processors, please refer to 《Alder Lake review: Intel’s 12th Gen Core processors squeeze toothpaste” and the extended reading at the end of the article.

Intel on September 28, 2022Innovation 2022 Eventsofficially released the 13th-generation Core i processor code-named Raptor Lake. It is based on the previous generation processor, extends the LGA 1700 pin, and also uses the Intel 7 node process, but in terms of design architecture and transistor process There are many improvements, and the improvement of the ThreadDirector scheduler responsible for scheduling 2 different cores can bring more powerful performance and power efficiency.

In addition, in the Raptor Lake processor, the L2 cache memory capacity of each P-core is also increased from the previous 1.5MB to 2MB, and the cluster formed by each 4 E-cores is increased from 2MB to 4MB. The L3 cache memory capacity is increased to a maximum of 36MB, and can be automatically switched to Inclusive/non-Inclusive operating architecture according to AI predictions to improve the cache hit rate and enhance the efficiency of cache memory usage.

The first wave of processors released this time includes the K version with unlocked multipliers such as Core i5-13600K, Core i7-13700K, Core i9-13900K, and the KF version with the same specifications but without built-in display function, which is 25 dollars cheaper , a total of 6 processors. Please refer to the table below for comparison with previous generation products.

(If the table below cannot be displayed in full, please click to view itImage version

12th and 13th Generation Core i Series Processor Specifications (Partial)
Processor model core configuration number of threads L2 cache L3 cache base clock Maximum boost clock Basic TDP Max TDP Pricing (USD)
Core i9-13900K 8P+16E 16+16 16+16MB 36MB 3.0/2.2GHz 5.8/4.3GHz 125W 253W $589
Core i9-12900KS 8P+8E 16+8 10+4MB 30MB 3.4/2.5GH 5.5/4.0GHz 150W 241W $739
Core i9-12900K 8P+8E 16+8 10+4MB 30MB 3.2/2.4GHz 5.2/3.9GHz 125W 241W $589
Core i7-13700K 8P+8E 16+8 16+8MB 30MB 3.4/2.5GHz 5.4/4.2GHz 125W 253W $409
Core i7-12700K 8P+4E 16+4 10+2MB 25MB 3.6/2.7GHz 5.0/3.8GHz 125W 190W $409
Core i5-13600K 6P+8E 12+8 12+8MB 24MB 3.5/2.6GHz 5.1/3.9GH 125W 181W $319+
Core i5-12600K 6P+4E 12+4 7.5+2MB 20MB 3.7/2.8GHz 4.9/3.6GH 125W 150W $289

The maximum Boost clock of the Core i9-13900K is as high as 5.8GHz, easily surpassing the 5.5GHz of the previous generation flagship Core i9-12900KS. At the same time, there are 8 more sets of E-Cores, and the performance of single-core and multi-core performance is higher.

According to the official data provided by Intel, Raptor Lake is 15% higher than the previous generation single-threaded performance, and multi-threaded is as high as 41%. The performance gain comes from the contribution of cache memory, system main memory, clock, and E-Core growth.

Test Environment and Conditions

The test samples I received this time are Core i5-13600K, Core i9-13900K and other 2 processors, with Asus ROG Maximus Z790 Hero motherboard, and use the same G.Skill Trident as the previous AMD Ryzen 7000 series processor test topic The Z5 Neo memory can even see the performance comparison of the new generation processors at the same memory speed.

During the test, the Resizable BAR function of the graphics card was turned on. Each result was tested in 2 rounds. After determining that there were no extreme values, the average was taken. The game performance used the built-in test mode of the game. “Global Offensive” uses Titled Tower Benchmark, FPS Benchmark map and NVIDIA FrameView to test, and set the highest picture quality in 1080p, 2K, 4K resolution. Set the item to the highest setting, turn off settings such as VRS or dynamic resolution, and only adjust the ray tracing function on and off. As for the results of the control group, the results were taken from the previous articles written by the author.

testing platform:
Processor: Intel Core i5-13600K, Core i9-13900K
Radiator: MSI MEG Coreliquid S360
Motherboard: Asus ROG Maximus Z790 Hero (UEFI build 0520)
Memory: G.Skill Trident Z5 Neo 16GBx2 (@DDR5-6000)
Graphics Card: NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 Founder Edition
Storage device: Seagate FireCuda 520 SSD 1TB
Power Supply: MSI MPG A1000G PCIE5
Software Environment: Windows 11 Professional Edition 21H2 (Build 22621.674), GeForce Game Ready 521.90

The logo pattern in the upper left corner of the upper cover of the Raptor Lake processor has been replaced with a new version, and more photos can be found in our previous unboxing report. For photos of previous-generation Alder Lake processors, please refer to the article

The motherboard used in this special test is the Asus ROG Maximus Z790 Hero.

ROG Maximus Z790 Hero adopts a 20+1 power supply design, and the MOSFETs and inductors in the VRM area are also covered with heat sinks.

The motherboard has three built-in M.2 slots, all of which support PCIe Gen 4x4 transmission mode.

If you want to connect a solid state drive with PCIe Gen 5x4 interface, you need to use the included ROG Hyper M.2 riser card. At this time, the PCIe slot used by the graphics card will be switched to Gen 5x8 transmission mode.

The ROG Hyper M.2 riser card has 2 M.2 slots, supporting PCIe Gen 5x4 and PCIe Gen 4x4 transmission modes respectively.

The I/O backplane provides 2 sets of Thunderbolt 4 terminals compatible with USB4, and 1 set of USB 3.2 Gen 2 Type-C with a bandwidth of up to 10Gbps, in addition to up to 9 sets of USB Type-A terminals.

Although the automatic overclocking function built into the G.Skill Trident Z5 Neo memory is the new EXPO specification proposed by AMD rather than the XMP proposed by Intel, the automatic overclocking function can still be enabled directly in the BIOS/UEFI menu.

The processors tested this time are Core i5-13600K and Core i9-13900K.

Although the memory used this time only supports the EXPO automatic overclocking proposed by AMD, not Intel's XMP, but enabling the DOCP function in the BIOS/UEFI menu can still automatically overclock the memory to reach the speed of DDR-6000.

Intel's 13th-generation Core i processor performance test: Raptor Lake returns to the throne of gaming, multitasking performance

▲The graphics card used in the test is NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 Founder Edition, and the Resizable BAR function is turned on.

Processor and Comprehensive Performance Testing

In the first half of the test, we first analyze the tests that are closely related to processor performance to see how far the king of polishing Intel can improve the performance of the Raptor Lake processor with a small facelift.

The testbench markers in the data graph are as follows:
12600K: Core i5-12600K, Z690 chipset,DDR5-4800
13600K: Core i5-13600K, Z790 chipset, DDR5-6000
7700X: Ryzen 7 7700X, X670E chipset, DDR5-6000
7950X: Ryzen 9 7900X, X670E chipset, DDR5-6000
12900KS: Core i9-12900KS, Z690 chipset,DDR5-4800
13900K: Core i9-13900K, Z790 chipset, DDR5-6000

In the comprehensive performance test item PCMark10 Extendend, the total score was won by the Ryzen 9 7950X, but the Core i9-13900K followed closely, with a drop of only 3.2%.

In CrossMark, which is also a comprehensive performance test, the Core i9-13900K has the best performance, surpassing the Ryzen 9 7950X by 10.84%.

In the Cinebench R20 processor rendering test, the Core i9-13900K has the best single-core performance, and the Core i5-13600K is similar to the Ryzen 7000 series. In the multi-core performance part, the Core i9-13900K edged out the Ryzen 9 7950X.

In the Cinebench R23 processor rendering test with heavier workload, Core i9-13900K and Core i9-12900KS won the first and second place in single-core performance respectively, Core i5-13600K won the third place, and the multi-core performance part Core i9-13900K The lead of the Ryzen 9 7950X widened to 4.6%.

The POV-Ray ray tracing rendering test is also based on the Core i9-13900K winning the championship, with multi-core performance leading the Ryzen 9 7950X by 1.52%, and a 28.16% gap with the previous generation flagship Core i9-12900KS. On the other hand, the Core i5-13600K also leads the previous generation Core i5-12600K by 41.3% in multi-core performance due to the addition of 4 sets of E-Cores.

In the author's newly included V-Ray ray tracing rendering test, we can see that the Core i5-13600K and Core i9-13900K lead the Ryzen 7 7700X and Ryzen 9 7950X by 11.91% and 11.58%, respectively.

In the x264 Benchmark and x265 Benchmark software encoding video conversion tests, the Core i9-13900K and the Ryzen 9 7950X win and lose, while the Core i5-13600K leads the Ryzen 7 7700X in 2 items.

In the pure software conversion test of 4K video with the Handbreak conversion software (without hardware acceleration), the H.264 encoding score of the Core i9-13900K is close to that of the Ryzen 9 7950X, and the H.265 encoding is 9.44% behind.

3DMark CPU Profile processor multitasking test can see the performance of the same processor under different loads. The interesting thing is that the Core i9-13900K with the core configuration of 8P+16E is ahead of the Ryzen 9 7950X in the 8-thread project because it calls 8 sets of P-Cores, and in the 16-thread project, it is the 8P+8E combination, so it lags behind the 16-core project. Ryzen 9 7950X. In the Max thread, the 8P+16E combination can be used to advance again.

In the memory bandwidth section, both Raptor Lake and Ryzen 7000 series processors use the same DDR5-6000 memory, and it can be seen that the Core i9-13900K performs relatively well.

In the bandwidth portion of the L1 cache, the Core i9-13900K leads the way.

In the L2 cache part, the Ryzen 9 7950X with 2 sets of complete CCD units leads by a large margin.

The performance of L3 cache memory is a winner and a loser.

In the memory latency section, it is seen that the main memory part of the system is better performed by the Ryzen 7000 series processors. It can also be seen that the latency of DDR5-6000 is much improved compared to DDR5-4800 (such as the performance of Core i9-12900KS).

Using AIDA64 for burn-in test, the core i9-13900KFPU burn-in temperature that can be seen in the highest temperature part is lower than the Core i9-12900KS, but the temperature is higher when idle.

Corresponding to the power consumption performance, the FPU burn-in power consumption of the Core i9-13900K is only 215.7W (probably because the BIOS/UEFI has no unlocking power wall limit), but the idle power consumption has increased a lot.

game performance

Next, let’s see whether the most powerful processor in the new generation of games is won by Intel’s Core i9-13900K, or whether AMD’s Ryzen 9 7950X can win the trophy.

The Time Spy project of the benchmark software 3DMark uses Direct X 12 graphics with 2K (2560 x 1440) resolution, and the Core i9-13900K significantly leads the Ryzen 9 7950X in the processor score by 26%.

Time Spy Extreme increases the resolution to 4K (3840 x 2160) and increases the computational burden, at which time the Ryzen 9 7950X has a 1.47% advantage.

With ray tracing turned off in Shadow of the Tomb, the Core i9-13900K took the lead at all resolutions, 5.05% ahead of the Ryzen 9 7950X at 1080p.  2K and 4K resolutions are dragged down by the graphics card performance bottleneck (GPU Bone), and the performance of each processor is similar.

After turning on ray tracing in Tomb Raider: Shadow, the Core i9-13900K still leads the Ryzen 9 7950X by 4.27% at 1080p resolution.

With ray tracing turned off in Watch Dogs: Liberty Legion, the Core i9-13900K outperformed the Ryzen 9 7950X by 7.86% at 1080p resolution.

After turning on ray tracing in Watch Dogs: Liberty Legion, the Core i9-13900K still leads the Ryzen 9 7950X by 6.85% at 1080p resolution.

The difference in FPS performance between processors in

The performance performance of each processing in Trembling Tunnel: Exile after ray tracing is turned on is similar, which should be limited by the GPU Bond of the graphics card.

Due to the low graphics burden, the performance bottleneck of 1080p resolution mainly occurs in the processor. It can be seen that the Core i9-13900K and Core i5-13600K performed well and won the championship and runner-up respectively.

After the ray tracing was turned on in

The Dubai test project of

In the newly added competitive game test, because it is too late to borrow other processors, there are fewer score samples. In the

In the competitive

Small facelift reclaims the performance throne

From the results of our testing of these two Raptor Lake processors, we can see that the Core i5-13600K has ideal gaming performance, and the multitasking performance is also significantly better than the previous generation Core i5-12600K due to the addition of 4 sets of E-Cores. The unfortunate part is that the price has been increased, which has caused greater purchasing resistance for mainstream consumers.

On the other hand, the Core i9-13900K increases the maximum Boost clock by 600MHz and adds 8 sets of E-Cores without adjusting the US dollar price. Not only the specifications exceed the previous generation flagship Core i9-13900KS, but the price is also lower by US$150.

More importantly, the Core i9-13900K can outperform the competitor’s Ryzen 9 7950X in almost all processor test items, and the game performance is even more comprehensive, making the latter’s seat of the gaming and multitasking performance thrones still hot. Being driven down also allowed Intel to take the top spot again.

Unfortunately, the price of Raptor Lake processors in Taiwan is quite “unfriendly”, so another point worth paying attention to is that in addition to supporting DDR5 memory, Raptor Lake processors can also support more competitively priced DDR4 memory. Help keep construction costs down. Next, I will also prepare a test topic for Core i5-13600K with 2 different memories, so stay tuned.

Series of articles:
Intel Open House mentions more Alder Lake details, 12th Gen Core i processor and Z690 chipset specs
Intel released the 13th generation Raptor Lake processor at Innovation 2022, the Core i9-13900K clocked up to 5.8GHz and sent 8 more physical cores
Intel 13th Gen Processor Media Samples Out of the Box!Die shot from the inside out
Intel’s 13th-generation Core i processor performance measurement: Raptor Lake returns to the game, multi-tasking performance throne (this article)
Intel Core i5-13600K with DDR4 memory: a good combination of CP value at the end of DDR4

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