The weather is hot, and it is easy to sunburn your skin during outdoor activities. Mr. Yu said, “Doctor, my skin has redness, swelling, heat and pain, and blisters, so count it?” It turned out that he and his friends went fishing at the beach and had fun under the scorching sun for a long time. The skin became like this.
After examination, I found erythema on his face, neck, arms and many other skins. It would feel burning and tingling when lightly touched, which is a manifestation of “sunburn”. Clinically, sunburn, also known as sunburn, solar erythema, and solar dermatitis, belongs to an acute traumatic inflammatory reaction caused by excessive exposure to ultraviolet rays in the sun.
What are the symptoms of sunburn? Skin lesions will appear 4 to 6 hours after sun exposure, and individual physiques can also develop erythema within a few minutes after exposure. It reaches a peak after 12 to 24 hours, which is manifested as erythema and edema with clear boundaries. In severe cases, blisters appear and the blister fluid is light yellow. Subjective symptoms include local itching or burning sensation first, then burning or tingling, and worse after clothing rubs. Such as extensive skin lesions, accompanied by symptoms such as fever, palpitations, headache, nausea, vomiting and even shock.
My clinical experience has found that people with fairer skin or lack of sun exposure will be relatively susceptible to sunburn if they suddenly go outdoors and are exposed to the sun.
In terms of treatment, in traditional Chinese medicine, if the syndrome is characterized by exogenous toxic heat and skin burns, prescriptions that have the effects of detoxification, clearing away heat, cooling blood and reducing spots should be taken. The patient’s physique has obvious damp-heat content, and also feels toxins. It is advisable to take prescriptions with dehumidification and detoxification, clearing heat and cooling blood to relieve symptoms and speed up recovery.
If you don’t want to suffer from sunburn, please remember the following two tips:
1. Local cold and wet compress: Dilute cold milk (the ratio of milk to water is 10:1) and apply it to the sunburned skin. It can significantly relieve the sunburn. Wet compress every 2 to 3 hours for 30 minutes until The acute inflammation subsided. Aloe vera can also be applied to the skin within a few hours after sun exposure to increase the moisture content of the skin and relieve the discomfort after sunburn.
2. Do a good job in sun protection: Don’t often “stay” at home, participate in outdoor activities in moderation, and increase the skin’s tolerance to the sun. But pay attention to avoid going out during the time when the sun is the strongest at noon, or take sun protection measures when going out, such as holding an umbrella, wearing a hat, wearing long-sleeved clothes, and applying sunscreen.
Clinical tips: 50 grams of mung beans, one tael of fresh lotus leaves, boiled water can clear heat and promote dampness, but people with weak constitution and weak spleen and stomach should use it with caution. Please consult a registered Chinese medicine practitioner before taking any diet.
Written by: Dr. Tang Wenyi Registered Chinese Physician
Column name: TCM problem solving