The cheers may have been pushed too quickly. Barely elected, the new Moldovan president Maia Sandu faces a backlash from the pro-Russian political elite. Some Moldovan deputies voted on Thursday (December 3rd) for a law transferring control of the intelligence services to parliament.
One way to reduce a little more the role of the president, already limited in a semi-presidential political system, and to break the momentum announced with the victory of this anti-corruption figure. This is why Maïa Sandu called on the Moldovans to demonstrate this Sunday, December 6 to demand the resignation of the government and the dissolution of the parliament.
According to the president’s camp, supported by Brussels, the majority in parliament did not respect the ordinary voting process. Several other laws were able to pass, in a half-empty chamber, the support of Maia Sandu having boycotted a vote “Played in advance”. One of them grants a special status to the Russian language, the other cancels the ban on broadcasting news papers from Russia.
The election of Maia Sandu, which won nearly 60% of the vote – a record since the country’s independence in 1991 – is “A strong and clear message from the Moldovan population, according to political scientist Iulian Groza, that Russia and its political allies are trying to crush. “
A convinced European
The personality of Maia Sandu, pro-European, trained at Harvard before becoming an economist at the World Bank, has everything to displease the Kremlin. His speech, which is based on the fight against corruption within the two main pro-Russian political parties, the Socialist Party and the Shor, “Warned pro-Russian oligarchs. They united in parliament and are doing everything to avoid losing power ”, believes Iulian Groza, political scientist.
Russia cannot accept a setback in Moldova. Maia Sandu’s main opponent, incumbent President Igor Dodon, had been officially supported by Moscow despite accusations of corruption against him. The historical ties between the two countries are still strong, and Russian forces are deployed in Transnistria, a predominantly Russian-speaking region that has seceded from Chisinau.
The country is divided in two. In the north, and in the east, in Transnistria, Igor Dodon was in the majority while Maia Sandu won the south. “Half of the people live below the poverty line, many are very sensitive to the propaganda coming from Russia”, decrypts Iulian Groza.
The Constitution as arbiter
Faced with the political crisis, the Moldovan constitutional court must take a stand. “It is a first possible outcome for the political system, judge the researcher. But the government is no longer functional with this parliament which does not respect the rules. “ Another way out could come from the early elections in March or June, which the head of government Ion Chicu and the new president have called. Maia Sandu not taking office until the end of December, pro-Russian deputies have time to pass other contested texts.