Morelia (Mexico), May 5 (EFE) .- The clashes between at least nine drug cartels have plunged the Mexican state of Michoacán into a serious crisis of violence due to the dispute over the production and trafficking of drugs such as marijuana and methamphetamine, as well as natural and mineral resources.
With just 4.8 million inhabitants, Michoacán is the sixth state in the country with the most intentional homicides due to the ongoing struggle of the cartels that make it one of the epicenters of violence in Mexico.
In 2020, a total of 34,554 intentional homicides were registered in Mexico, a figure practically identical to the record of 34,681 crimes committed in 2019.
In the western state of Michoacán, 2,433 intentional homicides were reported, the sixth most violent state in the country after Guanajuato, Baja California, the State of Mexico, Chihuahua and Jalisco.
The violence unleashed in Michoacán has worsened in recent years with the emergence of six cartels of the extinct self-defense groups that after reducing the Knights Templar also allowed the entry of the Jalisco Nueva Generación Cartel (CJNG), according to data from the intelligence services government of Michoacán.
Precisely, the CJNG is headed by Michoacan Nemesio Oseguera Cervantes “El Mencho”, the drug trafficker most wanted by the United States and Mexico.
MICHOACAN, CRADLE OF NARCO
The Attorney General’s Office (FGR) has identified nine drug cartels that currently operate in the various regions of Michoacán, including in its border areas with the states of Colima, Guerrero, Jalisco, Guanajuato, Querétaro and the State of Mexico.
The drug gangs are the CJNG, La Nueva Familia Michoacana, La (old) Familia Michoacana, Los Caballeros Templarios, Cartel de Tepalcatepec, Cartel de Los Reyes, Cartel de Los Correa, Cartel de Zicuirán and Cartel de El Camaleón.
The Nueva Familia Michoacana – made up mostly of former self-defense groups and extemplaries – has the support of two armed forces calling themselves Los Viagras and Blancos de Troya.
Lorena Cortés Villaseñor, president of the civil association “Comunidad Segura”, highlighted this Wednesday that Michoacán has abandoned crime prevention and the recovery of the social fabric, which has allowed young people to fall into the world of alcoholism and drugs, such as preamble to joining criminal organizations.
For Lorena Cortés Villaseñor, Michoacán faces a serious humanitarian crisis derived from a wave of violence that grew due to the historical neglect of the federal and state governments.
The specialist in public safety and crime prevention issues explained to Efe that it is incomprehensible that Michoacán lives in a permanent government crisis.
“This armed, criminal conflict and crisis of violence has to do with the historical neglect of the protection factors for the population, mainly young people,” he added.
“And it has to do with the lack of access to health, education, sports and culture. It has been a historical delay that has turned Michoacán into fertile land for crime, it is a breeding ground for the culture of illegality, “he said.
Cortés Villaseñor, who worked in the crime prevention areas of the defunct Michoacán Attorney General’s Office (now Prosecutor’s Office) and the State Public Security Secretariat, warned that more and more young people are joining the ranks of the Organized crime for alcohol abuse, drug use, unwanted pregnancies and school dropouts.
“As long as the Mexican State and the Government of Michoacán do not address these risk factors, we will continue to live that ‘long Michoacan night’ of violence, and this humanitarian crisis that has left thousands and thousands of displaced people, registering ‘ghost communities’ at the be left without settlers, “he said.
Miguel Estrada, the chronicler of Apatzingán who has investigated the origins of the drug trafficking phenomenon in Michoacán, explained that the modernization of the Michoacan countryside favored the production of marijuana and later poppy.
“The Balsas River Commission modernized the Michoacan countryside and between 1947 and 1963 opened irrigation systems for the commercial cultivation of cotton, lemon and melon,” he mentioned.
He added that the operation of the hydraulic infrastructure involved the construction of a terrestrial communication network that, in three periods, included the construction of 707 kilometers of roads, works that together facilitated drug production and trafficking.
“In August 1959, the Army records this date as a historic date in the fight against drug trafficking by seizing 300 kilos of marijuana in the municipality of Aguililla, and at the end of the same year a person was captured with 8 kilos 200 grams of opium gum. The drug trafficking, then, had begun, “concluded Estrada.
(c) EFE Agency