The president of the Republic, Francisco Sagasti, swore in the incoming ministers who make up the cabinet of the new president of the Council of Ministers, Violeta Bermúdez, and who replaces the outgoing Ántero Flores Aráoz.
Here are the profiles of the new ministers of state:
1. Violeta Bermúdez, president of the Council of Ministers: Graduated from the Faculty of Law and Political Sciences of the Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos and professor at the Faculty of Law of the Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú.
Master in Law with a mention in Constitutional Law, degree awarded by the PUCP, specialist in gender, vulnerable populations and public policies.
Experience in institutions of the public and private sectors, as well as in international cooperation in planning, formulation, management, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of development projects and programs.
2. Nuria Esparch, Minister of Defense: First woman to hold the post of Defense Minister. He has extensive experience in the public and private sector. She was executive president of the National Civil Service Authority (Servir).
She also held the position of Vice Minister of Resources for Defense in the Ministry of Defense, as well as Secretary General of the Ministry of Women and Vulnerable Populations. She held the position of general secretary in the Ministry of Labor and Employment Promotion.
3. Waldo Mendoza, Minister of Economy: He served as president of the Fiscal Council and was Vice Minister of Finance, member of the Central Reserve Bank, of the Advisory Council of the Presidency of the Judiciary.
He is an economist graduated from the San Cristóbal de Huamanga National University and a doctorate in Economics from the Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú (PUCP).
4. Rubén Vargas, Minister of the Interior: Lawyer with a master’s degree in Constitutional Law at the Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú and held the position of executive president of Devida.
Since July 2018, he held the position of executive president of the National Commission for Development and Life without Drugs (Devida), an entity attached to the Presidency of the Council of Ministers, in charge of designing and executing the National Strategy for the Fight against Drugs.
5. Eduardo Vega, Minister of Justice: Lawyer by profession from the Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marco and works as director of the Law School of the Universidad Antonio Ruiz de Montoya.
He is a member of the United Nations Committee for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD) and was a member of the Commission for the Reform of the Justice System, the Commission for the Reform of the Justice System.
6. Ricardo Cuenca, Minister of Education: Social psychologist, doctor in education from the Autonomous University of Madrid (Spain), principal investigator at the Institute of Peruvian Studies (IEP) and principal professor in the education department of the Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia (UPCH).
In recent years he has advised the Ministries of Education of Colombia, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras and Panama. He has been a consultant for the IDB, CAF, OECD, OEI, OREALC-UNESCO, USAID, among others.
7. Pilar Mazzetti, Minister of Health: She is a doctor by profession, graduated from the Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Mazzetti Soler returns to the Health portfolio, which he held in the government of Martín Vizcarra.
She has served as head of the neurogenetics service and assistant neurologist of the neurogenetics service of the National Institute of Neurological Sciences.
8. Federico Tenorio, Minister of Agriculture: He completed his higher studies at the Continental University, as well as accounting at the National University of the Center (Huancayo).
Tenorio Calderón had been serving as executive director of the Ecumenical Center for Promotion and Social Action (Cedepas Norte) and has extensive work experience in private rural development organizations.
He was national director of Cedepas in two periods (1995-1999 and 2005), regional director of the same (1990-2006). He was promoter and coordinator of the Rural Development Area-Huancayo headquarters (1986-1990) and administrator of the office in Huancayo (1984-1985).
9. Javier Palacios, Minister of Labor: Lawyer by profession of the Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú and has more than 30 years of experience, both in the public and private spheres.
He was appointed national coordinator of the Youth Labor Training Program (ProJoven) and assumed the direction of the A Trabajar Urbano program of the MTPE.
He was a consultant for the Ministry of Economy and Finance (MEF), the World Bank, the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), the International Labor Organization (ILO) and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID).
10. Eduardo Gonzales, Minister of Transport and Communications: He has extensive experience in the public sector and was in charge of the Vice Ministry of Transport between August and October 2020.
He has a degree in journalism from the Jaime Bausate y Meza University and has completed master’s studies in Public Management from the National University of Engineering (UNI). He has extensive experience in the public sector.
He was Chief of Cabinet of the Presidency of the Council of Ministers, of the Ministry of Transport and Communications, as well as of the Ministry of Housing, Construction and Sanitation.
11. Gabriel Quijandría, Minister of the Environment: He was Vice Minister of Strategic Development of the Ministry of the Environment and an expert in environmental matters and natural resource management.
12. Alejandro Neyra, Minister of Culture: Bachelor of Literature from the Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. He has the same degree, in Law, from the Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú. He also has an executive master’s degree in International Service from American University.
He was the National Director of the National Library of Peru (BNP), a position he reached in May 2017, after leaving the Cultural Attaché Office of Peru in Chile.
13. Silvana Vargas, Development and Social Inclusion: Graduated in Sociology from the Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú (PUCP). He has a Ph.D. in Rural Sociology and Demography from Pennsylvania State University, USA.
She was the first General Director of Policies and Strategies of the Ministry of Development and Social Inclusion.
It should be noted that there are eight women who were sworn in as State ministers. On the other hand, President Francisco Sagasti did not swear in the Minister of Energy and Mines, a position that is still pending.