Supreme Court undermines US fight against climate change | Climate and Environment

New blow to the fight against climate change in the United States. The Supreme Court has issued a ruling limiting the power of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to impose limits on emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases that contribute to global warming. Behind the ruling that enshrines the right to carry firearms in public and the one that has revoked the constitutional right to abortion, a Supreme Court with a conservative majority now compromises the climate agenda of the Joe Biden government. Again, the sentence has been approved by six votes to three, with the rejection of the progressive judges.

The sentence of 89 pages published this Thursday it does not override any specific emissions restrictions in place, but instead strips the EPA of the authority to impose them for the entire country. He elevates that power to Congress, where the Democrats do not have a sufficient majority to unblock his legislative proposals. In addition, they may lose control of the two chambers in the mid-term elections, which are held on November 8 and in which a third of the Senate and the 435 members of the House of Representatives are renewed. States can pass their own regulations, but many of them are not in favor of ambitious restrictions.

The ruling describes that the EPA believes that “Congress implicitly charged it, and it alone, with balancing the many vital national policy considerations involved in deciding how Americans get their energy. The EPA decides, for example, how feasible it is to switch from coal to natural gas in 2020, 2025 and 2030 before the grid collapses, and how far energy prices can rise as a result before that they become unreasonably exorbitant.” And he concludes: “There is little reason to think that Congress assigned those decisions to the Agency.”

The progressive justices assert in their dissenting opinion that the majority opinion strips the EPA of “the power to respond to the most pressing environmental challenge of our time.” Through a statement, Biden has said that this is “another devastating decision of the Court that intends to take the country backwards”. “Although this decision threatens to damage our country’s ability to keep our air clean and combat climate change, I will not relinquish the use of my legal authorities to protect public health and address the climate crisis,” he added. conclude: “Our fight against climate change must and will continue.” California Governor Gavin Newson has written on Twitter: “This Supreme Court is hell-bent on turning back the clock and ignoring reality. Now, they have muzzled the federal government’s ability to deal with climate change.”

A person gazes at the view from an overlook at drought-affected Lake Mead in Nevada, United States, on June 24, 2022, in Nevada. The decline in water levels is the result of a mega-drought caused in part by climate change.MARIO TAMA (AFP)

Republicans, however, have celebrated the decision: “Today, the Supreme Court has returned power to the people. By siding with the State of West Virginia, the Court has struck down illegal regulations issued by the EPA without any clear authorization from Congress and confirmed that only representatives of the people in Congress—not unelected and unaccountable bureaucrats — can write the laws of our nation,” stated in a statement Republican Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell.

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A victory for the oil companies

The sentence is a clear victory for the oil and mining companies. The caseWest Virginia v. EPA, was originally submitted by the States of West Virginia, Alabama, Alaska, Arkansas, Georgia, Indiana, Kansas, Louisiana, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Wyoming, and Governor from Mississippi. These 19 States were later joined by the State of North Dakota and two historical giants of coal mining in the United States, The North American Coal Corporation y Westmoreland Mining Holdings.

These States, many of them rich in coal and oil, raised the following question: “Did Congress constitutionally authorize the Environmental Protection Agency to enact major regulations—including those capable of reshaping the nation’s power grids and unilaterally decarbonizing virtually any sector of the economy—with no limit to what the agency can require as long as it has account cost, non-atmospheric impacts, and energy requirements?”

The judges’ response is that it did not, that such relevant decisions can only depend on Congress or a government agency that has received a “clear delegation of powers” from Congress. The generic transfer of powers of the Clean Air Act, the Clean Air Law, is not enough. The ruling maintains some minor powers for the EPA, but disqualifies it from ambitious regulations that limit emissions. It’s a big win for fossil fuel producers, who have strong allies in Republican ranks.

The lawsuit alleged that “the decision has enormous consequences.” It explained that before the ruling, the EPA could “set standards at the regional or even national level, forcing drastic changes in how and where electricity is produced, as well as transforming any other sector of the economy that emits greenhouse gases.” He added: “The power to regulate factories, hospitals, hotels, and even homes would have tremendous costs and consequences for all Americans. (…). Only the court can decide whether the EPA has this unilateral power or whether Congress should assume it.” The plaintiffs rejected “the serious and disproportionate costs for States and countless other affected parties” that the fight against climate change could have.

Shortly after assuming the presidency, President Biden gave a shift in climate politics of his predecessor, Donald Trump, who took his country out of the Paris Agreement through the back door, in a lonely speech from the White House Rose Garden in 2017. In April 2021, Biden pledged to the United Nations to reduce net greenhouse gas emissions in the United States by 50% to 52% in 2030 compared to 2005 levels, with an eye toward achieving emissions neutrality by 2050.

US President Joe Biden speaks during the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP26) in Glasgow, UK, on ​​November 2, 2021.
US President Joe Biden speaks during the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP26) in Glasgow, UK, on ​​November 2, 2021.POOL (REUTERS)

The ruling compromises progress in that direction, no matter how hard the Biden government tries to take a few steps. Last week he announced an alliance with 11 Eastern States to promote wind energy with multi-million dollar investments. But without limits on emissions, it is of little use.

By stripping power from a federal agency, the ruling may have repercussions beyond its own effect on America’s climate commitments. This decision may be followed by others that weaken other organs of the executive power that try to impose common guidelines for the entire country in matters such as health or food.

The Supreme Court has finished the judicial course with several relevant sentences, including abortion and the one that has repealed New York’s restrictive gun laws. In the United States, the position of Supreme Court justice is for life. When there is a vacancy, the president appoints a new magistrate. After the Senate blocked an appointment by Barack Obama, Donald Trump managed to appoint three justices, and also relatively young (Neil Gorsuch, 54 years old; Brett M. Kavanaugh, 56, and Amy C. Barrett, 50 ). With this, the court now has a clear conservative majority of six members to three that will foreseeably last for many years.

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