“I am raising a child with multiple disabilities who also has severe autism, tic symptoms, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). There is no place to welcome my child anywhere, and there are always measures to leave. Please expand severe autism institutions in the country. I desperately need a fence to protect my child even when there are no parents…” Choi Ye-hyeon (pseudonym), a mother who raises Hwang Min-jae (pseudonym, 10), a child with severe autism in Wonju, Gangwon-do, said, “To be honest, I am also very concerned about the death of a child who is the sole responsibility of parents. The situation where I have to take responsibility until now is scary and scary,” he confessed. He lamented that even in centers for people with developmental disabilities, children with ‘severe’ autism were excluded and placed in a subordinate position. The parents of people with severe developmental disabilities met by the Hankook Ilbo Minority Team complained in unison that “severe illness is a blind spot.” On the contrary, those who need more help in care, education, and rehabilitation treatment are being turned away from various institutions and services for reasons such as ‘difficult to handle’, ‘ineffective treatment’, and ‘not controlled’. Through the story of Min Jae-gun, who shows ‘challenging behavior’ such as self-harm, we heard the difficulties that children with severe developmental disabilities are experiencing. Minjae-goon attends a special school for students with intellectual disabilities in the region. Minjae-goon, an outgoing personality full of energy who ‘runs around all day’, is also struggling with defiant behavior. Min Jae-gun’s arm is full of bruises from self-harm. He often beats his friends. Yehyeon sighed, saying, “Even though I am taking a lot of medicine (to control my impulsiveness), it is difficult to control my aggression.” People with developmental disabilities often have difficulty expressing their intentions and needs, and their senses are often very sensitive. Because verbal communication is difficult, they want to draw attention to themselves or show defiant behavior as a means of expressing their desires. Actions such as running away from a stressful situation, repeatedly hitting one’s head, or throwing an object. Yehyeon said. “Since the child can’t express himself, even at school, if he cries or gets angry, he lies down and fusses like a baby. Then, it harms the other friends, and since special schools don’t have enough manpower, teachers can’t just look after Min-jae.” When Min-jae shows defiant behavior, the school sends the child to the ‘psychological stability room’. It is a space designed to stabilize the mind and body by installing dark lighting, sound equipment, cushions, etc. However, Yehyeon said that this space is not very helpful in correcting behavior and seems to leave only scars and trauma on the child. “The child barely communicates, but sometimes he does. One day I came home after school and he said, ‘It’s so hard to be locked up in there (psychological room) by myself.'” Educators and experts with expertise in ‘behavioral intervention’, which transforms challenging behaviors into adaptive and socially acceptable behaviors, are rare in Korea. This is why it is difficult to take any action other than that.It is the first time in the country to have a behavioral intervention specialist at the educational authorities level, with the selection of a full-time ‘behavioral intervention specialist’ by the Seoul Metropolitan Office of Education early last year. It visits students who are subject to special education (disabled children) at school and helps them learn social skills such as communication skills, patience, and waiting. In special schools, not only teachers, but also special education staff and social workers (formerly public service workers) who help students with disabilities in their school life are involved, and they are involved in supporting children with severe disabilities. “A special school usually has one special teacher and three or four students per class, but even if there are only three children with severe symptoms, it is difficult to conduct the class. One crying and fussing, and one running out of the classroom… Special education teachers also started their job after learning with a good heart, but the salary is not very high, and the work is hard, so after about 3 years, they leave because of bone disease. compendium.” Yehyeon seemed frustrated. When Minjae lived in the metropolitan area before school, he said that he used a behavioral intervention program called ‘Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA)’ and saw great results. It seemed like ‘my child has changed’. However, the cost of treatment is enormous. Eh, there is no place to take classes in Gangwon-do, so I’m currently discontinuing it. Mr. Yehyeon said, “My son really benefited from ABA, but I used to break a little less than 2 million won a month. The problem is that there is no room for that. ABA is a behavior that utilizes a ‘reward and punishment system’ in which children with developmental disabilities are rewarded (picture books, watching TV) when they behave appropriately, and punished (going up and down the stairs) when they engage in problem behavior. It is an intervention (corrective) method. Of course, it may not be suitable depending on the characteristics of individual children with disabilities, and some criticize it as ‘a treatment method that mechanically applies animal training to humans.’ Nevertheless, parents of children with developmental disabilities who have serious behavioral problems “Mothers with autism tend to go all-in, hoping that their child will get better somehow. Some places sell their houses to pay for treatment. That’s why they are poor.” There are a lot of damaged houses.” ABA costs between 80,000 and 100,000 won per hour (40 minutes). In order to be effective, you need to invest 2 million to 4 million won per month. Developmental rehabilitation treatment costs are guaranteed, but Korea’s developmental rehabilitation vouchers, which provide up to ‘220,000 won’ per month (raised to 250,000 won from next year), cannot afford ABA treatment. There are many centers where this is not possible. After a parent at the special school Minjae attended obtained an ABA license, Yehyeon was hopeful that her son would be able to take ABA classes again. However, as negotiations with the school did not go well, , The parent in question is taking a treatment class at another special school nearby. “One of the parents (of autistic children) studied ABA because he was too frustrated. He continued to provide free education to mothers while working as a research institute. School It would have been great for us if we had been connected to and had classes. Private ABA centers either have money or only accept young children. If we repeatedly teach them how to correct their behavior instead of just locking them up in a psychological stability room, we will know what to do with our children. You should know… It’s too bad.” People with developmental disabilities with challenging behaviors are also ‘objects to be avoided’ in the field of care. Parents who are aware that ‘autism is hard, so don’t take it on’ and ‘it’s hard, so you need to get more money’ are spreading among the disabled activity supporters who help people with disabilities in their daily lives. There were many testimonies from people who said, “Honestly, since I work for the minimum wage, the teachers at the activity support staff understand it. There are many children with ADHD who have autism. They keep wandering around, and they don’t recognize the danger themselves, so they just jump into the road.” It could be. The teacher has to stop it all, so it must be burdensome. I would also like to be a calm friend.” In the case of supporting people with developmental disabilities who show challenging behaviors, activity supporters must have professionalism as well as high wages corresponding to high labor intensity. However, the reality is different. In order to increase the rate), additional allowances of 2,000 won per hour are paid to supporters who take care of people with severe disabilities. However, in the case of people with developmental disabilities, the number of cases where additional allowances are applied is less than 1% of all activity support recipients. Many point out that the necessary education (40 hours of theoretical education and 10 hours of field practice) is also poor. Yehyeon, who is placed in ‘single care’ except for the time her son goes to school and speech therapy room, looks tired both physically and mentally. “It’s not that my child or I chose a disability, but it’s the parents’ responsibility. The reality of parents with developmental disabilities is that they have to take care of a 1-year-old child with intelligence until he dies every day of his life. I can’t sleep well looking after my child, My health can’t be good because the situation where I can’t rest for a minute or a second is repeated.” Neighbors’ hateful remarks also left indelible scars on Yehyeon and Minjae-gun. “They say, ‘Because that mother is an idiot, she must have given birth to a XX child,’ and they are automatically bullied on the playground. Our second (Minjae-gun’s non-disabled younger brother) ) approached (another child) and said, “Are you going to play with the ×× ×× family over there? Come here” and took the child away so that he could not play. The outside world is cold. When Minjae was born as a disabled child in our family, It was only then that I realized a little that people with disabilities are receiving this kind of attention from the world. If I had a lot of money, I would like to build a facility or an educational institution for the welfare of my children by giving away my real assets..” It’s because of what happened after my son graduated from school. “It’s more of a problem when you become an adult. If you are aggressive, the agency will not accept it. I hope you increase the number of day care facilities. My son (a person with a developmental disability who does not show challenging behavior) Like) I can’t go to the workshop, and I can’t be a barista.” “That is exactly what I want. When the child becomes an adult, I wish her mother would have a place to take her when she gets old and sick. If you are going to pursue a deinstitutionalization policy or if you are going to reduce facilities, please make sure to come up with an alternative to that. Honestly, whether or not my child will become self-reliant even if he receives lifelong education. A few years ago, her mother passed away, so there was an incident where an adult with intellectual disabilities begged on the street. (Related articles ▶[단독] Mother found 5 months after death, son who became homeless… The Tragedy of Bangbae-dong Hat: If you can’t click, search for it at www.hankookilbo.com/News/Read/A2020121305500004395) Even though it was a tragic event, I even envied his situation. He wrote himself asking for help and came out on the road, but my son doesn’t know how to write, and he doesn’t know how to ask for help. He’s really a child who can’t live without me. Tragedy will continue to occur as long as the government does not take care of these seriously ill children and parents bear the brunt of it… ”
Thiruvananthapuram> An all-party meeting convened by the government to ensure peace in Vizhinjam, which took place including the police station violence. The all-party coalition extended its support to the government for all measures to restore the atmosphere of peace. The representatives of the strike committee also assured that there will be no violence. Stay united so that the social environment does not become polluted. The meeting was chaired by Minister G R Anil at 4 PM on Monday. The representatives of the 24 organizations who participated in the meeting asked everyone to cooperate to avoid untoward incidents. Representatives of various political parties said that those who are obstructing the Vizhinjam project are standing in the way of the unity of the country.
Minister GR Anil said in a press conference that all parties have condemned Sunday’s violence. Due to the police and government’s self-restraint, major untoward incidents were avoided. The police will proceed with impartial and fair legal proceedings. Necessary precautions have been taken by Vizhinjath police. The minister also said that strict action will be taken against false propaganda that destroys communal harmony.
CPI M District Secretary Anavoor Nagappan, CPI District Secretary Mangot Radhakrishnan, Congress Leader Vinod Sen, BJP District Secretary VV Rajesh, Samara Samiti Convenor Eugene Perera, M Vincent MLA, District Panchayat President D Suresh Kumar, District Collector Jeromick George, City Police Commissioner G Spurjankumar, Corporation Deputy Mayor PK Raju, Councillors, Sub Collector Aswathi Srinivas and representatives of various community organizations were present.
Case against 3000 people
The police registered a case against 3000 people who witnessed the attack on the police station by Vizhinjam Samara Samiti workers. The charges include conspiracy with deadly weapons, attack on the station, attempt to murder, detaining the policemen, obstructing the execution of duty and destruction of public property. 40 policemen were injured in the attack on Sunday night. Six people are in critical condition. Four police jeeps, a police van and two buses were destroyed. The SHO’s office, child-friendly police station building, investigative office and main office were also attacked. Wireless sets and equipment were destroyed. The loss is estimated at Rs 85 lakh.
The windows of two buses stopped at the nearby KSRTC bus stand and 15 glasses of staff rest rooms were broken. Out of this there is a loss of Rs 7.10 lakh. It was found that the announcement was made to gather people for rioting. The police see this as evidence of a planned attack. Footage of the CCTV outside the station and shops before the attack has also emerged. City Police Commissioner G Spurjankumar said that the situation is calm and around 500 additional policemen have been deployed in the area. There are more policemen in Mullur where the strike continues.
New developments regarding the case of the artist Hala Sidqi and her fugitive ex-husband in America • Al-Marsad Newspaper
Al-Marsad Newspaper: The lawyer for the Egyptian actress, Hala Sedky, spoke about the details of her divorce from her fugitive husband, Sameh Sami, in America, after ruling all mutual cases in favor of the artist, Hala Sedky.
Al-Sharif said that the artist, Hala Sidqi, obtained rulings to imprison her ex-husband, Sameh Sami, after the final divorce from him, and he is now on the run in the United States of America, according to “Cairo 24”.
The beginning of the crisis between the artist, Hala Sidqi, and her husband, Sameh Sami, after his wife’s request to conduct a DNA analysis of the genetic footprint of his children, after the marital differences intensified between them, and reached a dead end.
[그린워싱탐정]<12>Recycled Clothing Consumers who purchase ‘recycled clothes’ made from fiber from PET bottles will feel proud that they have done a good job for the environment. However, not many people know that there is a shadow of overlapping ‘greenwashing’ here. First of all, even though regenerated (recycled) fibers are used only in part of the clothes, they are not properly labeled, leading to misunderstanding that they are 100% regenerated fibers. And fundamentally, as the apparel industry has taken the lead in recycling PET bottles, the food industry has lagged behind in bottle-to-bottle recycling. PET bottles are much more eco-friendly to be reborn as PET bottles, but they have not yet been commercialized in Korea. Recycled materials cannot be extracted from clothes again, so if recycled materials are used in textiles, they are used once and eventually thrown away. The greenwashing controversy of ‘recycled clothes (regenerated fiber clothing)’ asks the most appropriate recycling method, not unconditional recycling. “I use recycled polyester to make eco-friendly clothes.” This is a description of the ‘Sustainability label’ product line of the domestic fashion brand 8 Seconds (Samsung C&T), which can be found online. It uses fiber recycled from PET bottles, and it is easy to think of it as melting a transparent PET bottle, making it into pellets (grains), and then stretching it out into a thread. But just from looking at the product description, you can’t tell how much of this garment is made from recycled fibers. In the ‘Product Information Provision Notice’, which recorded product materials, only the ratio of synthetic fibers was written dryly. “Outer material: 51% nylon, 49% polyester, lining: 100% polyester, filler: 100% polyester”, etc. There is no indication as to which of these many synthetic fibers are recycled materials. At least, there is a picture explanation about ‘recycled material’ on the official website. It means ‘processing waste PET bottles to make polyester fiber yarn and use it for sweaters and fillings’. If so, it is doubtful whether the sweater and filling are all 100% recycled materials, and whether the outer and lining are not recycled materials. There is no such explanation in online shopping malls or offline stores other than the official website. In addition to Samsung C&T, Shinsegae International, E-Land Group, and Shinsung Tong’s regenerated fiber clothing were examined, but no place recorded the percentage of recycled fiber. E-Land Group’s Spao was all about writing ‘recycle’ in front of the product name online. It did not explain at all how and where and how much recycled fiber was used. Like Samsung C&T’s 8 Seconds, ‘Jaju’, a household goods brand of Shinsegae International, attached a picture description to its official website, but it also did not indicate a clear percentage of recycled fiber. It is written as “recycled polyester filling material produced by recycling discarded PET bottles”. Since there was no published data, we had no choice but to directly ask each company where and in what ratio the recycled fibers were used. In response to Hankook Ilbo’s inquiry about 8 Seconds products, Samsung C&T said, “Only for padding, 70 to 100 percent of the padding is filled with recycled materials.” In some cases, 100% recycled material is used for the filling, but the lining and outer material do not use recycled materials. Shinsegae International is said to have used recycled fibers in its padding and Dumbleboa products in Jaju, a household goods brand. A dumbleboa is a fleece-like coat. Shinsegae also replied, “For the padding, only recycled materials were used.” It means that the outer fabric or lining used general synthetic fibers. Dumbleboa used recycled materials only for the curly parts of the coat, and used synthetic fibers for the pockets and lining. However, an official from Shinsegae said, “The filling material and the Dumbleboa part are made only of 100% recycled fibers.” Shinsung Tongsang is promoting Top Ten’s ‘Eco Fluffy Fleece High Neck Zip-up’ product as using recycled materials. Shinsung Tongsang answered the question of the Hankook Ilbo, “The ratio of recycled fiber is 25%.” 75% is regular fiber, not recycled. E-Land Group’s Spao also revealed that it mixed general fibers with the ‘Recycled Loose Fit Purpleless Pocket Zip-up’ product. However, E-Land did not disclose the specific ratio of recycled fiber to regular fiber despite the reporter’s inquiry. This information is difficult for ordinary consumers to know. This is because the material is not clearly distinguished and used in the product information provision notice or the mixed use rate tag. It’s just a green tag (offline store), or ‘RECYCLE (recycling)’ in front of the product name (online homepage). At the same time, it actively promotes eco-friendliness. 8 Seconds online says, “Sustainable fashion that considers the earth,” “Find the green tag for good consumption,” and Topten puts “10 million discarded PET bottles reborn as warm fleece products” and “environmental.” A small movement to think,” he wrote. Although Samsung C&T did not disclose the percentage of recycled fiber used in the filler (70-100%), the explanation was sufficient. An official from Samsung C&T said, “We provide detailed information on the official website online, and green tags are used offline to recognize eco-friendly products. An official from Shinsegae International said, “It was difficult to write a sufficient explanation because the space on the offline store tag was small,” and Shinsegae International replied, “We are expanding the range of eco-friendly products.” E-Land Group said, “There were not many product lines, so there were no clear guidelines.” Overseas, government authorities are stepping up to sanction ambiguous labeling issues. In July, the UK’s Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) launched an investigation into the possible greenwashing of eco-friendly advertisements by apparel brands ASOS, Boohoo and George. The survey included cases where ‘the actual content of a product marked as using recycled fiber is less than 20%’. This is in accordance with the eco-friendly claim guidelines prepared by the British CMA last year. The British CMA has prepared six guidelines to follow when making eco-friendly claims. It was included that the explanation should be clear and unambiguous, and that important information should not be omitted or hidden. There are laws (labeling and advertising law, environmental industry technology law) in Korea that contain these contents, but they are only applied to some items such as yoga mats and kitchen utensils. In 2019, Norway’s Consumer Authority also sent a letter to clothing maker H&M asking them to accurately state the percentage of recycled fibers and information. Currently, H&M clearly distinguishes and marks them. Offline, on the product tag, write ‘100% recycled polyester outer material, 53% recycled polyester outer material, 100% recycled polyester filler’. Even online, the use of recycled fiber and the ratio are specified, such as ‘outer material: 47% recycled polyester, lining: 100% recycled polyester’. Baek Na-yoon, an activist at the Korea Federation for Environmental Movement, said, “The recycled fiber ratio is important information to evaluate how eco-friendly the product is.” More fundamentally, there is also a lot of controversy about using recycled PET bottles as clothing materials. It is pointed out that it can break the resource cycle and become an indulgence for enormous clothing waste. In order for raw materials to continuously cycle through recycling, it is best to make product A into product A. The transparent PET bottle is made into a PET bottle again, and it is recycled into a PET bottle again. However, if clothing is made with PET bottles, the cycle is broken. The technology to recycle synthetic fibers from clothing is still in its infancy, so once it’s made into clothing, it can’t be recycled. In other words, PET bottles can become clothing, but clothing cannot become PET bottles, so they are eventually thrown away. Because of this, in Europe, the food industry also makes a position statement to ‘limit the use of recycled pet raw materials in other industries’. As the apparel industry takes high-quality recycled PET raw materials to promote eco-friendliness, it is pointed out that the food industry is short of recycled raw materials. Recycled fibers require clean and transparent waste plastic bottles more than food containers. In May, the European Fruit Juice Association (AUJN), Drinking Water Association (NMWE), and Carbonated Beverages Association (UNESDA) issued a statement saying, “More and more PET bottles are used for sustainability in the textile and automobile industries, but they are It means that it is being recycled (downcycled) with a lower quality,” he said. “The EU should establish a policy that prioritizes ‘closed loop recycling (recycling raw materials only into the same product)’.” Currently, about 57% of the domestic PET bottle recycling market is used for textiles. The rest is used for making thin plates (sheets, 18%) or for export and research (25%). ‘Bottle to bottle’ recycling, which recycles bottles into bottles, has not yet been commercialized. Domestic consumption of PET bottles is 3.3 billion annually, and the annual production of renewable raw materials is about 202,000 tons. Since this year, the Ministry of Food and Drug Safety and the Ministry of Environment have changed the system so that recycled containers can be used for food, but it is difficult to supply high-quality recycled products. Until last year, due to the Ministry of Food and Drug Safety’s notice (standards and specifications for utensils, containers and packaging), physically recycled plastics could only be used on the side that does not come into contact with food. An official from Jeju Development Corporation (Jeju Samdasoo) said, “So far, we believe that there is no confrontation with the textile industry over recycled raw materials.” Hong Soo-yeol, director of the Resource Circulation Socioeconomic Research Institute, said, “Recycled textiles are meaningful in that they use waste PET bottles instead of making new textiles, but the limit is clear that the cycle is broken.” It is desirable to seek ways to reduce or recycle waste, and to recycle and recycle PET bottles as PET bottles.” ▶Go to ‘Greenwashing Detective’: Click to view past articles on ‘Greenwashing Detective’. If you can’t click, please search www.hankookilbo.com/Collect/7017.
The people of Australia are unable to cope with the severity of the flood. The people of three states had to be displaced due to the floods following the heavy rains. In 24 hours, it rained four times the average rainfall in the month of October. More than 500 houses were destroyed by water. But there is no reason to relax and the warning of weather systems is that heavy rain will continue in the coming days.
Victoria, which has the largest population in Australia, is facing the most floods. Roads and buildings were flooded. Power supply to more than 3,000 homes and business centers was disrupted. The number of damaged houses is likely to increase and the officials said that this is the biggest flood in decades. Most of Tasmania’s rivers are overflowing following heavy rain.
A picture is also coming out from Victoria showing the severity of the flood. This is a picture of a kangaroo found unrecognizably covered in mud after being caught in a puddle. The kangaroo was found injured. The ears, nose and eyes of the kangaroo brought to the wildlife protection center were covered with mud. Veterinarians share the concern that the kangaroo may develop pneumonia.
Authorities have also issued a warning to people traveling in vehicles on the Mooroopna Highway. On both sides of the highway there are areas where many kangaroos live. After the water came in, they took to the highway and sought refuge. Deb Fowler, the center’s co-founder, says many kangaroos are brought to the wildlife center after being hit by cars. Only a handful of them could be saved. Euthanasia was also given to those who were not likely to survive.
In view of this situation, the authorities warn that people should pay special attention to animals. Not only the kangaroos, but all the living things in the area are suffering due to waterlogging. Nearly three billion species including reptiles, mammals and birds were killed in the forest fires of 2019-20. Experts say that such natural disasters are a challenge to the survival of many wildlife species.
English Summary: Australia floods: Three states issue evacuation orders after heavy rain
An interesting study finds that Cretaceous dinosaurs had hoofed feet. Proposed evidence is a mummified dinosaur fossil containing skin tissue.
In a paper published in the international academic journal ‘PLOS One’ on the 12th, a research team from New York Institute of Technology in the United States argued that Edmontosaurus, a herbivorous dinosaur that flourished in the late Cretaceous, may have hoofs. Edmontosaurus, which was discovered more than 100 years ago, also drew attention in 2013 as a result of a study that found a chicken-like position.
The research team was convinced of the existence of hoofs in the process of analyzing fossils of Edmontosaurus mummies, which were nicknamed ‘Dakota’, in which some tissues such as skin were preserved. Dakota is the most complete specimen of Edmontosaurus fossils encountered by paleontologists to date.
The research team focused on Dakota’s forelimbs, which had skin tissue, unlike other dinosaur fossils in the form of skeletons. It is known from the skeleton that Edmontsaurus had four forelimbs, but in the case of Dakota, it was more like a hoof. It is different from a horse’s hoof because its strong outer skin does not extend to the sole of the foot, but it is very similar in appearance.
It is by no means rare that a dinosaur’s forelimbs were preserved in the form of hooves. The research team believes that this discovery was possible because Dakota was preserved in mummified form. The research team, questioning the existence of hoofs and the mummification process of Dakota, determined that the corpse of Dakota, which was killed by a predator about 66 million years ago, stayed on the surface for weeks to months and then gradually dried.
An investigative official said, “Part of Dakota’s skin left large marks from the teeth.” “I don’t know why Dakota died after being bitten by a predator, but it was gradually mummified in a dry environment after the forelimbs, tail, and intestines were torn off.” did.
“It seems that Dakota’s body wall was pierced by the power of the formidable teeth and jaws of an unknown predator,” he said. It was very dry,” he added.
Edmontosaurus is mainly found in the form of impression fossils with skin or skin outlines. Regarding this, an investigative official said, “The predators would have had no choice but to eat the soft intestines rather than the flesh covered by the hard skin of Dakota. .
The research team thought that by the time Dakota’s body was naturally buried in the ground, the dry skin must have been wrapped around the bones like plastic wrap. It was based on the fact that Dakota’s skin had become thinner than it was before.
Paleontologists hoped that studying the rare Dakota fossil would provide more information. This is because Dakota’s skin can be observed in three-dimensional form beyond the level of simple impression fossils. An investigative official added, “Dakota is a very valuable specimen that has been preserved for more than 66 million years, not only for its outlines, but also for its skin itself.”
By Seo Ji-woo, staff reporter firstname.lastname@example.org