10 years of uprising in Libya
10 years ago, protests against Muammar Gaddafi began in Libya, which a few months later led to his overthrow and assassination.
February 17 in Libya is celebrated as the Day of Anger, from that day 10 years ago, an uprising began, which led to the overthrow of the regime of Muammar Gaddafi, civil war and the practical disintegration of the state into several unions.
The civil war continues now, in October 2020 the parties agreed on a ceasefire, and in February a transitional united government appeared in the country, headed by Abdel Hamid Dbeiba.
Correspondent.net understands the consequences of the uprising in Libya.
How was the uprising
Protesters against Gaddafi in Libya in 2011 were dispersed by regular troops. The violent suppression of rallies did not go unnoticed by the world community. On February 26, 2011, the UN Security Council adopted Resolution 1970, imposing sanctions against the Libyan leadership.
The next day in Benghazi, the opposition formed the Transitional National Council (TNC), which soon proclaimed itself the sole legitimate representative of the people of Libya.
The first country to recognize the legitimacy of the new body was France. Paris announced its decision on March 10. And by July 2011, the transitional government had secured recognition from more than 30 countries, including the United States and the United Kingdom.
On March 17, the Security Council adopted Resolution 1973, which introduced a no-fly zone in Libya and authorized measures to protect civilians. Three permanent members of the Council – the USA, Great Britain, France – voted in support of this document, while Russia and China abstained.
On March 18, the United States, Great Britain, France and a number of Arab countries issued an ultimatum to Gaddafi, demanding an immediate end to attacks on the country’s civilian population, and the next day the Western coalition launched an air operation.
On March 22, the NATO leadership decided to conduct a maritime operation Unified Protector. The fleet of the North Atlantic Alliance acted under the pretext of fulfilling Resolution 1973 regarding the arms embargo.
Gaddafi was hiding. However, on October 20, 2011, the Libyan leader was brutally killed near the city of Sirte after an airstrike on his motorcade.
The overthrow of Gaddafi
Got the most
Gaddafi ruled Libya for 42 years, 10 years after his overthrow, the Libyans are still waiting for the resolution of the political crisis in the country.
Since 2014, the country has been divided: the western part, including the capital Tripoli, is controlled by the UN-recognized coalition government, and the eastern part is controlled by Marshal Khalifa Haftar, supported by Egypt and Russia.
The most recent outbreak of hostilities, when Haftar’s forces tried but failed to occupy Tripoli, lasted from April 2019 to June 2020.
Most Libyans live in poverty. Electricity is regularly cut off in cities. Great damage has been done to the once main branch of the national economy, oil production.
In fact, Libya has destroyed the economy and a unified management system.
Libyan Civil War
Land of illegal immigrants
Now Libya has become an uninterrupted source of illegal migration to the EU and, at the same time, a staging area for the transfer of refugees from other African states affected by civil wars. The inflow of illegal immigrants from Libya peaked in 2015.
In subsequent years, the number of refugees began to decline, but the situation with their uncontrolled arrival, accommodation and social adaptation did not go off the agenda.
In addition, the absence of a centralized state power has made Libya a convenient haven for terrorist structures.