The number of conventional ruptures fell in 2020

The health crisis linked to the Covid-19 epidemic weighed on the lower number of amicable separations between employer and employees.

The conventional ruptures are they less attractive than before? The number of amicable separations carried out by mutual agreement between an employer and one of its employees fell last year. According to the latest available figures published by Dares, the statistical service of the Ministry of Labor, the French administration approved last year 424,283 conventional ruptures, compared to 443,397 in 2019; i.e. a decrease of 4.4% compared to 2019, after almost 10 years of continuous increase.

Monthly number of approved requests for conventional ruptures Data: Dares, Ministry of Labor

The health crisis clearly weighed on this decrease in conventional ruptures. But irregularly. In April, during the first confinement, the number of conventional ruptures fell dramatically: more than 15,000 amicable separations were stamped by the administration, compared to more than double (37,000) in April 2019.

On the other hand, we note that this modality of end of CDI which is added to the layoffs and resignations, took off again sharply in June-July, to a level higher than the same period a year earlier. Over the last three months, the number of approvals then decreased by 7.5% on average over the months of October, November and December 2020, compared to the previous three months.

As point out The echoes , if we remove the months of March, April and May, which correspond to the spring confinement, the year 2020 was rather marked by an increase in conventional ruptures, of the order of more than 20,000, that is to say an increase of 6, 8%.

Effects of confinement and job protection systems

How to interpret these data? Can we see disguised layoffs or a wave of departures linked to desire for professional changes ? «There is a small ‘windfall effect’ part that cannot be measured but that must not be obscured, analysis Christopher Dembik, senior economist and associate director at Berenberg. Last summer there were a lot of layoffs in sectors such as aviation and tourism which realized that there would be no quick restart.“On the other hand, according to him, the conventional breaks obtained by employees in search of a change of professional life, remain”anecdotal», He believes.

We should therefore be careful not to over-interpret these statistics. The drop in contractual terminations recorded in 2020 would therefore be more linked to the effects of confinement and the measures put in place by the State (partial unemployment, PGE, etc.) to avoid the prospect of dismissal. On the other hand, it will be a question of carefully observing the months to follow.


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