After the death of the star hairdresser Udo Walz (76), many former customers mourn the master of his trade. According to media reports, Walz died exactly 2 weeks ago of the consequences of a Diabetes Type 2 disease. Walz had been suffering from the dreaded diabetes since the late 1980s. After a diabetes shock, he fell into a coma. But how can that happen?
Diabetes mellitus, often referred to as diabetes, is a pathological disorder of the sugar metabolism in which the blood sugar level is permanently high. This condition slowly leads to permanent damage to various organs and blood vessels.
The most common forms are type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes (gestational diabetes). In addition, there are some rare forms such as MODY (Maturity Onset Diabetes of the Young), Type 3c diabetes or Cushing’s syndrome.
Common symptoms of diabetes
The intensity and occurrence of the symptoms can vary with the type of diabetes present. Typical symptoms include increased thirst, frequent urination, extreme hunger, chronic fatigue, itching, dry skin, feelings of weakness, irritability, blurred vision, slow-healing wounds and frequent Infectious diseases. The symptoms are initially unspecific and can also occur for other diseases. Definitive proof can only be produced by the doctor using different diagnostic methods.
What are the causes of type 2 diabetes?
In type 2 diabetes, the cells become increasingly resistant to the effects of insulin. As a result, the pancreas can no longer produce enough insulin to overcome the resistance. The sugar therefore accumulates in the blood. Here, too, the exact causes are unclear. Obesity, sedentary lifestyle and high blood pressure are strongly related to the occurrence of the disease.
Consequences of diabetes
Diabetes can lead to long-term damage and secondary diseases. The longer the illness has been present and the more uncontrolled the blood sugar level, the higher the risk of heart disease, nerve damage, digestive problems, erectile dysfunction, kidney damage, eye damage, circulatory disorders in the feet, skin diseases, hearing problems, dementia and depression.
Type 2 diabetics are usually affected by hyperosmolar coma. It develops slowly with blood sugar levels of over 600 mg / dl. The high loss of fluid as a result of the increased excretion of urine leads to a loss of electrolytes and internal dehydration (desiccosis). The affected person’s skin is dry and warm.
Hypoglycemic shock (low blood sugar)
In hypoglycemic shock, there is a lowered blood sugar level of usually below 50 mg / dl as a result of an overdose of insulin or sulfonylureas compared to carbohydrate intake. Alcohol consumption or intense physical activity can also trigger the state of shock. This develops suddenly and can occur within minutes. He shows through Cravings, excessive sweating, restlessness and tremors. The pulse rate increases significantly while the blood pressure decreases. In addition, it can lead to impaired consciousness up to unconsciousness, as well as cramps and central respiratory and circulatory disorders.
First aid for hypoglycaemia
A diabetic should be given glucose in the form of sugar (e.g. dextrose, chocolate, apple juice, cola) immediately if there is suspicion or signs of hypoglycaemia. In addition, the cause of the occurrence of the hypoglycaemia should always be investigated in order to prevent another shock.
What is ketoacidosis?
Diabetic ketoacidosis is a serious and common complication of type 1 diabetes. DKA occurs when diabetes is not recognized or is inadequately treated. With DKA, the blood sugar level rises high as so-called ketones accumulate in the body to dangerous concentrations, explain the researchers. Early signs of DKA include excessive thirst, frequent urination, nausea, abdominal pain, weakness, and confusion. (sb)
Author and source information
This text corresponds to the requirements of the medical literature, medical guidelines and current studies and has been checked by medical professionals.
This article is for general guidance only and should not be used for self-diagnosis or self-treatment. He can not substitute a visit at the doctor.