SELENA SAN JOSÉ VIVAS | Fotografía: Ainhoa de la Huerga |
Every journalist has Right to privacy, as established by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. But to avoid its violation, the information must be kept safe, as well as protect your own identity and that of the source. It is also important to make a responsible and safe use of technologies.
The most common mistakes Losing privacy are, for example, joining a public WiFi network, exchanging unencrypted emails, entering passwords on the computer in public places where they can see you, and using multiple computers to work.
Decalogue to improve the level of security, privacy and anonymity
- Keep your computer up to date– 90% of security errors are due to outdated equipment or programs.
- Set strong passwords: avoid putting data, dictionary passwords or very easy to crack passwords. To have a secure password, you must include uppercase, lowercase, numbers and symbols.
- Beware with networks Public WiFi: when connecting to the WiFi of a library, cafeteria or public place, be careful they can be intercepted by a third person.
- Take care of the metadata: be aware that documents, images or files contain additional information that has to be removed.
- Share information privately: as far as possible it is recommended not to use commercial services that do not respect the privacy of the user.
- Surf in a safe way by Internet: many URLs include the letter ‘s’ at the end of ‘http’, to indicate that the page you are browsing is secure. There are also cases where you find a closed padlock.
- Speak for apps safe: Signal is an application open source encrypted and with multiple options to improve the privacy of our conversations. Another option is XMPP, a protocol for instant messaging, video conferencing, and file transfer through a client that is installed on your computer.
- Use encrypted emails: in common electronic mail platforms such as Outlook or Gmail they allow messages to be encrypted.
- Open sensitive documentation with apps encryption: an example is VeraCrypt, a software Open source and cross-platform that allows you to easily encrypt documents and create hidden partitions.
- Use secure operating systems: if you work on foreign computers it is convenient to use Tails, an operating system on a USB stick. It includes several preconfigured applications designed to ensure user safety.
Five ways to protect yourself on the Internet
In addition to these tips, there are five methods for surfing the Internet much more securely without tracking your activity and what your search preferences are:
- Use search engines with a focus on Privacy, that is, they are designed to keep your information out of the reach of third parties, such as DuckDuckGO.
- Install the extension in your browser Privacy Badger is an application that informs of the possible navigation risks and advises on who follows you or if a page is reliable or not.
- Enable notification of ‘No follow up ‘ in the browser settings.
- Browse incognito mode. It is activated in browser settings.
These techniques allow work more quietly and privately without allowing third parties to intervene in the information on your computer. Security and personal privacy is the right of everyone not to give their data without your consent, so remember that ‘lSafety is everyone’s business. ‘