Enter 2021-06-28 10:42 | Edited 2021-06-28 10:42
It is not recommended to consume too much sugar beyond the level for relieving stress. Recently, the number of patients with diabetes in their 20s has been increasing rapidly. Diabetes has complications, one of which is periodontal disease (gum disease).
Experts say that if you have diabetes, you are twice as likely to develop periodontal disease. Now, let’s find out how diabetes affects oral health with Park Dae-yoon, president of Udido Cancer Dental Clinic.
◆ High blood sugar due to diabetes… periodontal disease
Diabetes is a disease in which blood sugar is not properly controlled. If you have diabetes, it makes the blood sticky, impeding smooth blood circulation and affecting overall health. When blood sugar levels are high, substances that cause inflammation in the gums increase, making it easy to develop periodontal disease, in which the gums become swollen and bleed.
As diabetes progresses, sugar that cannot be absorbed by the body is excreted in the urine, and a large amount of water is lost at this time. As a result, the body becomes dehydrated and the saliva dries out, which can lead to the growth of bacteria in the oral cavity and cause periodontal disease.
In the case of young patients, diabetes is often thought of only as a hereditary or geriatric disease, and they are often unaware of it. Because of this, the disease is detected late, and periodontal disease, a complication, is also easily neglected. In particular, periodontal disease occurring before the age of 40 is highly likely to progress to radical periodontitis.
Acute periodontitis progresses 4 to 5 times faster than chronic periodontitis, so it is often detected after symptoms worsen. Diabetes accelerates the progression of periodontal disease and increases the risk of tooth loss.
Radical periodontitis can be diagnosed through panoramic X-rays. It is important to detect and prevent periodontal disease at an early stage through regular oral examinations along with blood sugar control.
◆ Dietary fiber intake, moderate exercise, regular scaling
The causes of an increase in the number of young diabetic patients include high-fat and high-calorie diets, lack of exercise, and excessive stress. These habits can have a direct impact on oral health, so improvement is needed.
Foods rich in dietary fiber, such as kelp, radish, and barley, which are in season in summer, help to keep blood sugar levels stable, and fiber helps to clean teeth.
In addition, light exercise, rather than looking for sweet food, helps relieve stress by forming endorphins, and has the effect of preventing oral diseases by increasing the body’s immunity.
The best habit to keep your oral health is proper brushing and regular scaling. If you brush your teeth thoroughly after eating and take good care of your mouth, it is recommended that you visit the dentist for scaling once or twice a year or once every three months for diabetic patients.
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