Video: Mikhail Gorbachev turns 90

Mikhail Gorbachev turns 90

The end of the cold war and German reunification: these are world-shaking events that are associated with the name of Mikhail Gorbachev, especially in the West. The last Soviet state and party leader Mikhail Gorbachev is celebrating his 90th birthday. In Germany he is considered the father of reunification. Voices from Berliners on the day of his birthday. “As an Ossi (East German), of course, you already know about it. The movement in Russia back then and what triggered it in Germany back then, at least in the former. And look where we are now: Beautiful freedom, united Germany is wonderful. ” “Berlin and the fall of the wall, I can say that too. That is actually what I remember with Gorbachev.” Glasnost and perestroika – two keywords that come to mind when you think of Gorbachev. His policy aimed at the openness of the Soviet government towards the population and focused on the modernization of the social, political and economic system of the Soviet Union. From 1985 to 1991 he was party leader and from 1990 to 1991 the last president of the then world power. However, he does not receive much recognition in Russia. The Chernobyl reactor disaster and the collapse of the Soviet Union also happened during and at the end of his political career. Its political legacy is viewed rather critically in Russia. Many Russians who witnessed the end of the 80s associate Gorbachev with an economy of scarcity and impoverishment. Gorbachev lives in seclusion near Moscow. He is in poor health and suffers from diabetes.


The last head of state and party leader of the Soviet Union is popular in Germany. In Russia it tends to be ignored.

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