These are some of the most frequent doubts about vaccination, among them: when will they arrive? Can I get the dose if I am pregnant or if I have any type of disease? Etc.
How many vaccines are currently approved?
Currently, several options for vaccines against covid-19 are being studied worldwide, which are under development in the clinical and preclinical phase. As of December 2020, some covid vaccines have received authorization for emergency use in specific countries and have been approved by regulatory authorities such as the FDA, for the US, and the EMA, for Europe. However, there are no covid-19 vaccines with global regulatory approval for widespread use in the population.
What vaccine is going to reach Colombia?
The first group of vaccines is going to be that of Pfizer, and there are 1.7 million biologicals. A total of 10 million doses have been purchased from this brand; Agreements have also been closed for another 10 million doses with AstraZeneca and 20 million with the Covax platform, and five million with Johnson & Johnson.
Will it cost anything to get vaccinated?
Vaccination is part of the universal benefits offered by the health system. In this sense, it is completely free. This does not prevent that if there are authorizations, people can acquire them through private.
When do the vaccines arrive?
The Minister of Health, Fernando Ruiz Gómez, said that Colombia is among the first countries in the list of the Covax mechanism, which guarantees that the vaccines to prevent covid-19 will arrive from the first week of February.
Why have vaccines taken so long to arrive in Colombia?
Because the countries that invested in research projects at risk had the first options in case the vaccines worked. When these orders are completed, a second stage of the demand countries is entered, among which is Colombia.
How will the vaccine be carried to the most remote areas?
The vaccines will be stored under the temperature conditions defined by each manufacturer. Colombia has been advancing the planning of logistics so that they arrive in the necessary conditions throughout the country.
Are more reinforcements necessary?
This is being investigated, as the projects have been under development for a very short time. This is why there is talk that vaccines still need to be investigated. One of those points is how long the immunity they leave lasts: so far it is measured in a matter of months.
Is it true that they are not going to give vaccines to those who have already given the virus?
At this time, there is not enough information available to say if a person who was infected will not be infected again or for how long they will be protected against covid19; This is called natural immunity. Evidence suggests that natural immunity against COVID-19 may not last long, but more studies are needed to better understand it.
In what cases or with what comorbidities would vaccines be contraindicated?
Until now, the contraindications to vaccinate are in children under 16 years of age in the country, as well as in some pregnant women. The rest of the population can be vaccinated, unless according to a certified medical evaluation there is an absolute contraindication for it.
What lasts longer, immunity after having Covid-19 or the protection of vaccines?
The protection that a person acquires after being infected (called natural immunity) varies according to the disease and according to each person. Since this virus is new, we don’t know how long natural immunity might last. Current evidence suggests that re-infection with the virus (re-infection) is rare within 90 days of the first infection with the virus that causes COVID-19.
After vaccination, can we return to normality?
The ultimate goal of the National Vaccination Plan against covid-19 is to achieve herd immunity, that is, the immunity of at least 70% of the Colombian population. As long as this does not occur, the virus can be a threat that will continue to affect daily life.
Can people with allergies get vaccinated?
People with a history of allergies to oral medications or a family history of severe allergic reactions can be vaccinated, but with a prepared medical company.
Is there contracted availability for the second dose in the times needed?
When we talk about vaccines we talk about complete doses for each person. That is, a vaccine, if it is two doses, is purchased complete.
How to be sure that it does not have any effect on fertility, as many people claim?
So far there is no evidence or scientific study to support these views. What has been shown is that it has no such effects.
Should I wear a mask and maintain social distancing if I have already received the two doses of the vaccine?
Yes. Mask and social distancing will continue to be recommended after people have been immunized. Some of the current vaccines against the coronavirus require two doses, it is expected that those who get it acquire a certain level of protection two weeks after the first injection. But full protection may come only up to two weeks after the second.
Are Covid-19 Vaccines Safe?
All vaccines used today against COVID-19 have undergone rigorous studies to ensure they are as safe as possible. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have implemented systems across the country that allow them to monitor for any safety issues.
Will they have to come up with new vaccines against mutations and variants of the virus?
All viruses mutate, as a mechanism to adapt, and in this sense the new coronavirus has had thousands of changes. And most of them do not condition substantial modifications to the structure of the virus or to its aggressiveness or lethality. Until now, the modifications – including the variants that are studied today, such as the British, the Japanese and the Brazilian ones – have not been shown to take away or reduce the effectiveness of vaccines, it has even been said that the scientific platforms on which they are built or are biologics are designed to allow you to respond quickly if this occurs.
What are the side effects of vaccines?
All vaccines produce reactions that can range from mild to moderate. Most are very mild and have to do with irritation at the application site, some fever, malaise, headache or even muscle aches. In some people – very low percentages – allergic reactions to some of its components have been shown
The most famous vaccine is the one from Pfizer, but I am bad and they give me another one. Will my chances of becoming immune decrease?
Most of the vaccines developed against Covid 19 have effectiveness that exceeds the percentages necessary to offer immunity. All, so far, have similar ranges of protection so there is no problem receiving any.
Why should two doses be injected?
Currently licensed COVID-19 vaccines require 2 doses for maximum protection. Pfizer-BioNTech: doses should be given 3 weeks (21 days) apart Modern: doses should be given 1 month (28 days) interval The second dose should be given as close to the recommended interval of 3 as possible weeks or 1 month, however, there is no maximum interval between the first and second doses of either vaccine. The second dose should not be given before the recommended interval.
If I am vaccinated, can I continue to infect others?
Yes. Until now the vaccine has been shown to protect the person by producing antibodies in their blood, but it has not been shown that the virus that is in the respiratory tract, that is, outside the cells cannot be transmitted to other people. This is being investigated.
To covid patients in ICU, or to a lesser degree of disease, is the vaccine applied, is there an improvement reaction?
Patients who have already had Covid or have Covid will not be vaccinated because their body has some defenses. For now they go to a stage a little more distant.
Is there evidence that the Colombian government has already purchased the vaccines?
The Ministry of Finance has made the budget reservations and has issued the resolutions that account for how much money has been invested in each of them. In this sense, there are resolutions that specifically define the amounts for the Covax strategy and for the negotiations with Pfizer, AstrasZeneca and Johnson & Johnson that guarantee the coverage of 29 million complete vaccines.