China: Archaeologists Discover the Ruins of a 5,300-Year-Old Palace | Science

China has discovered his so far oldest palace in the central Henan province, extending the Chinese history of palace building by about 1,000 years.

The ancient palace was found at the Shuanghuaishu site, which is believed to provide another key proof of the origin of Chinese civilization over 5,000 yearsaccording to Wang Wei, president of the Chinese Society of Archeology, quoted by Xinhua.

The ruins were built on a high rammed earth platform that covers around 4,300 square meters and is laden with foundations for structures.

The excavation work has revealed the clear designs of the two compounds between the structures built on the platform. In the western half of the platform is a rectangle-shaped courtyard, outside the southern walls of which a large plaza of almost 880 square meters was unearthed. The discovery suggests a typical ancient palace design, where the administrative area of ​​the royal court was in front of the residences.

The other courtyard in the eastern half of the site covers about 1,500 square meters, with three stately gates, according to Gu Wanfa, director of the Zhengzhou Municipal Research Institute of Cultural Relics and Archeology.

“The spatial arrangement of such large courtyards and the palatial city that places the administrative area in front of the living room of the royal family created a precedent for the palace system in China“said He Nu, a researcher at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, adding that the designs directly affected the planning of the capital city in the following dynasties, including Xia and Shang.

Previously, archaeologists excavated the Oldest ancient palace in the country on the site of the Erlitou relics, which served as the capital city during the middle and late periods of the Xia dynasty (around 2070 BC-1600 BC), the oldest known dynasty in China. The latest discovery is expected to take the establishment of the country’s palace system to an earlier date.

With an area of ​​1.17 million square meters, the sitio de Shuanghuaishu It is located on the southern bank of the Yellow River in Heluo Township, near Gongyi City, Henan. Was the capital city of an ancient “Heluo Kingdom” dating back about 5,300 years, which bears witness to the origin of Chinese civilization.

(With information from Europa Press)

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