“Common Autoimmune Diseases that Affect Skin, Hair, and Joints: Symptoms and Treatments”

2023-05-19 21:00:00

Books – Hossam Al Shaqoury

Saturday, May 20, 2023 12:00 AM

Often disturbances Autoimmune Harm to the body in invisible ways. Moreover, some of them affect your outward appearance as well, and you may develop a rash, for example, or bald spots on your scalp. everydayhealth

Here are some common autoimmune diseases that can affect your skin, hair, and joints

1 – Psoriasis can cause scaly patches of skin

Plaque psoriasis, the most common form of psoriasis, results in a rapid overproduction of skin cells. These cells build up in plaques, often on the knees, elbows, lower back, and scalp..

According to the American Academy of Dermatology, plaques on white skin are often red or pink with silvery white scales; On darker skin, they often appear salmon-colored with silvery-white scales, or violet or dark brown with gray scales..

2 – Alopecia areata can cause bald patches

While it is normal for an amount of hair to fall out with daily washing and styling, hair loss that results in large bald patches may be due to alopecia areata, a condition in which the immune system attacks the hair follicles..

The disease is characterized by hair loss that occurs in circular patches, but it can sometimes affect all hair of the scalp or body, according to the Foundation. Alopecia Areata national .

3 – Vitiligo causes the appearance of light patches of skin

Vitiligo occurs when the immune system destroys melanocytes, the skin cells that make pigment, leaving behind white or light patches of skin. In some cases, a person’s skin may lose all its color and turn completely white, according to the Vitiligo Research Foundation. The condition can also affect the hair, the inside of the mouth, and the eyes..

4 – Hypothyroidism causes dry skin, hair loss and weight gain

Hypothyroidism (also called hypothyroidism) occurs when the thyroid gland does not produce enough hormones. Hypothyroidism often results from Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, a disorder in which the immune system attacks the thyroid gland.

Hypothyroidism causes a person’s metabolism to slow, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Symptoms tend to develop

5 – Rheumatoid arthritis causes joint swelling

In the case of rheumatoid arthritis ( RA ) The immune system attacks the lining of the joints, leading to inflammation, pain, and swelling. If the disease is not treated, it can cause permanent damage to the bones and cartilage in the joints.

6. Type 1 diabetes causes dry, itchy, and infection-prone skin

Type 1 diabetes occurs when the immune system attacks and destroys the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin, a hormone that helps the body control glucose (blood sugar) levels. The resulting deficiency of insulin allows glucose to build up in the blood, making it difficult for the body to properly convert it into energy, according to the American Diabetes Foundation. .

7 – Lupus causes a rash across the nose and cheeks

A butterfly-shaped rash across the nose and cheeks is the hallmark of lupus, which develops when the immune system attacks organs and tissues throughout the body, causing inflammation. A person with lupus may also experience skin lesions after sun exposure.

Lupus treatments include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, immunosuppressants, corticosteroids and antimalarial drugs, according to the Lupus Foundation. Lupus American. Work with your doctor to find a treatment plan that works for you.

8- Dermatomyositis causes a rash on the shoulder

Dermatomyositis is a rare inflammatory disease that causes a rash on the shoulders, upper chest, back, and around the knuckles as well as on the face and eyelids, according to the Polymyositis Association. Other symptoms include muscle weakness, shortness of breath, and difficulty swallowing. It is most common in children between the ages of 5 and 15. years and adults between the ages of 40 and 60.

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