The high price of housing in some localities has made the transformation of premises into housing an increasingly common practice, an alternative that can considerably reduce the costs of accessing a property. However, it must be borne in mind that not all premises can be converted into housing, and that in any case there are certain procedures that must be known.
Originally a place does not meet the Necessary conditions of habitability and healthTherefore, in addition to entailing a large fine, converting a premises into a home in an illegal manner entails a series of drawbacks: it will not be possible to register there and the appraisal will be lower than that of a home, with the consequent financing problem if you need to apply for a mortgage.
In addition, the certificate of habitability cannot be obtained, which in some autonomous communities will prevent it from being rented; and if the supplies were not already registered on the premises, it will not be possible to do so without an activity license.
For the transformation of a premises into housing it is necessary to obtain a license to change use, for which it will be necessary to carry out a change of use project by an architect, and request the first occupation license once the work is finished .
As not all locales They meet the technical characteristics necessary to be converted into a home, in any case, before making an investment in the acquisition of the premises it is advisable to use the services of an architect to carry out a feasibility study.
Requirements to convert a premises into housing
Transforming a premises into a home has the same consideration as the construction of a new home, so you must comply with the Technical building Code. As regards the premises, the main adaptations that will have to be made in the property are those that refer to accessibility and health. Likewise, the premises must meet certain requirements, such as having a minimum surface area, lighting and ventilation conditions, among others.
In addition to respecting the Technical Building Code, the premises converted into housing must comply with municipal and regional urban regulations, which vary depending on what each municipality and autonomous community considers to be habitable.
One of these conditions is the minimum surface of the property. Although according to the Madrid College of Architects a home must have an area of at least 45 square meters, depending on the autonomous community we can find minimum permitted surfaces that range between 20 and 40 square meters. Each room must also have a minimum size.
Along with the surface, other requirements affect the ground level, whether it be at the same level as the sidewalk or above, the existence of a smoke outlet from the kitchen directly to the roof, the minimum length of the facade, to the surface of the natural lighting holes or to the minimum height of the ceilings, to give a few examples.
Another important aspect to take into account is that the works carried out on the premises cannot affect the structure of the building or its elements or common services. Also in the constitutive statutes of the community of owners there may be prohibitions to the transformation of a premises into housing, so it is convenient to review them and also have the approval of the community of neighbors.
Procedures to convert a premises into a home
Once it has been confirmed that the premises meet the requirements and the technical project has been prepared by the architect, its approval by the City Council is necessary, as well as obtaining the building license, for which it will be necessary to pay the corresponding fees and taxes. municipal.
Once the works have been carried out, the declaration of the modification of the use of premises to housing will have to be made in the Cadastre, which will have to be presented at the City Council together with the certificate of completion of work to obtain the first occupation license. Subsequently, it will be necessary to sign a deed of change of use at the notary and present it at the Land Registry.
How much does it cost to convert a premises into a home?
The price of converting a local into a home varies depending on the surface of the property and the reforms that are necessary and wish to carry out. On the one hand, the development of the project by the architect can cost between 1,000 and 1,500 euros. As for licenses and procedures, the price ranges between 1,200 and 1,500 euros.
To the project and the procedures must be added the price of the works itself, which is much more variable, but which can cost between 400 and 900 euros per square meter.