“Erdogan’s Victory and International Influence: The Reasons Behind His Re-Election”

2023-05-30 03:52:19

Erdogan69, will rule for five more years after beating opposition candidate Kemal Kilicdaroglu in the closest elections he has had to contest in two decades.

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He president he obtained 52.18% of the votes, against 47.82% for Kilicdaroglu, according to official figures from Turkey’s Supreme Electoral Council.

Results of the elections in Türkiye. (AP).

After knowing the results, Erdogan He thanked the nation for once again entrusting him with the Presidency. Tens of thousands of people gathered outside Ankara’s presidential palace to listen to him.

“There is no problem that we cannot solve,” he said. Erdogan.

Türkiye is facing skyrocketing inflation that has driven up the cost of living. In addition, it has the challenge of rebuilding entire cities after the devastating earthquake that killed more than 50,000 people at the beginning of February of this year.

“The only winner today is Türkiye,” he said. Erdogan. In his victory speech, he vowed to work hard for Turkey’s second century, which he called the “Turkish century.” The country celebrates its centenary this year, the AP agency remarked.

The re-elected President of Türkiye Recep Tayyip Erdogan.  (AP).

The re-elected President of Türkiye Recep Tayyip Erdogan. (AP).

Erdogan’s leadership in the international arena

but how did he win Erdogan despite the economic crisis and the hardships of the population after the devastating earthquake?

The explanations of the analysts go through two pillars of his management: Erdogan retained the support of conservative voters who remain loyal to him for raising the profile of Islam in Türkiye, which was founded on secular principles; and for increasing the country’s influence in international politics. The paper of Türkiye It is relevant in global crises that go beyond its borders, such as those of refugees from conflicts like the Syrian one and, to a greater extent, the war between Russia and Ukraine.

Let’s go with the second aspect.

The political scientist Rasit Kaya told the EFE news agency that the role of Erdogan in the international arena it explains a large part of his victory on Sunday.

”The lower class, which mainly suffers from economic difficulties, buys his image as a world leader. They believe that Erdogan brought Turkey to where it is now, as one of the great powers of the world.achieving peace between Russia and Ukraine, not bowing to the United States and the West, and building a great military power with the advances in the defense industry”Rasit Kaya said.

“It doesn’t matter if it’s true or not, the sheer amount of pro-government media made them believe thishe adds in reference to the control of the information that the Government has, in a country where the freedom of the press and the number of independent and critical media are less and less.

A proof of the international leadership of Erdogan are the congratulations he received as soon as the results were known, ranging from the presidents of France, Emmanuel Macron; of USA, Joe Biden; he british prime minister, Rishi Sunak; until the representatives of RussiaVladimir Putin: and from UkraineVolodymyr Zelensky.

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan (left) meets with Russian President Vladimir Putin on the sidelines of the Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA), on October 13, 2022. (Photo : PRESIDENTIAL PRESS SERVICE OF TURKEY / AFP).

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan (left) meets with Russian President Vladimir Putin on the sidelines of the Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA), on October 13, 2022. (Photo : PRESIDENTIAL PRESS SERVICE OF TURKEY / AFP).


“France and Türkiye have enormous challenges to face together. Return of peace to Europe, future of our Euro-Atlantic Alliance, Mediterranean Sea. With President Erdogan, whom I congratulate on his re-election, we will continue to move forward ”said Macron.

While Putin described the “victory” of Erdogan as “a natural result of selfless work at the head of the Republic of Turkey, a clear proof of the Turkish people’s support” for Erdogan’s efforts “to strengthen state sovereignty and pursue an independent foreign policy.”

For his part, Zelensky said he hoped to strengthen ties with Türkiye. “We look forward to further strengthening the strategic partnership for the good of our countries, as well as strengthening cooperation for the security and stability of Europe.”

In the context of the war in Ukraine, Erdogan’s closeness to Putin has irritated Europe, NATO and the United States.

The fact that Türkiye be a member country from I’LL TAKE has not driven away Erdogan of Putin. What’s more, I have acted as a judge in the war between Russia and Ukraine.

For example, him Turkish president helped broker an agreement that opened a safe corridor for Ukraine’s grain exports across the Black Sea. And when Russia decided to end that agreement, Erdogan achieved that Putin back off

He has set his conditions for Sweden and Finland join NATO. Finally, it approved the accession of the second country, while in the case of the second it maintains its veto.

A week ago, interviewed Erdogan and asked him if he really believes that USA is trying to overthrow him, as he stated on May 13. The Turkish president avoided responding, but criticized President Joe Biden for seeing him as a “dictator.”

“How could someone who goes to a second round of elections instead of completing the election in the first round be a dictator? That is a reality. We have an alliance with 322 deputies in Parliament and the leader of this alliance is going to go to the second round in the first position, what kind of dictator is that?asked.

CNN also asked him if he will work with the Biden government. “Definitely. I will work with Mr. Biden. And if Biden leaves, I will also work with whoever replaces him, ”he replied.

Erdogan spoke about the military and financial aid that the West gives to Ukraine.

Said “The West is not leading a very balanced approach. A balanced approach is needed towards a country like Russia, which would have been a much more successful approach. For example, in the Black Sea Grain Corridor initiative we are not only considering the interests and needs of Western countries, but also those of African nations. This grain corridor initiative has been extended for another two months as of May 18. How do you think it was possible? It was possible thanks to our special relationship with President Putin.”


“In international politics Erdogan is with nobody and with everyone at the same time”

Enrique Banús, director of the Institute of European Studies of the University of Piura

-Were you surprised by Erdogan’s victory, considering that this was his most difficult choice?

It hasn’t been surprising. After the first lap you could already see it coming. But it is worrying. He has been in power for 20 years and it is the first time he has had to go to a second round, but it has not been enough to be defeated.

-How do you explain that Erdogan governs a NATO member country and at the same time is an ally of Putin in this context of war, and that he even has the capacity to veto Sweden’s entry into the Atlantic Alliance?

Five years of more of the same await us. He is a very stubborn person in his positions, and he really likes to show his power. His power is precisely in that quality of being with everyone and no one at the same time. That is, with everyone in one way and with no one in a determined way. And he likes to show a lot of muscle and show that he is the successor of an empire, and that therefore he can make other empires tremble, such as the European Union, the United States or even Russia, because neither is that he is totally in favor of that country. He plays the old logic of empires and this is very Turkish. That’s why he also has so many votes. Also, he controls the press, he is a populist, but this issue of national pride is very important.

-At some point the Western powers could pressure you to take a position and not be with everyone and nobody at the same time?

They have tried to put pressure on him, but to no avail. With the issue of Sweden’s entry into NATO they tried it. But it doesn’t make much sense to continue negotiating with this character and accepting that from time to time he stands up and shows his muscle to show that Turkey is a power. That gets you votes internally. Such an attitude also gives votes to Putin. It is the same strategy, what happens is that in the Turkish case it has not led to tremendous consequences.

-Then NATO would have welcomed Erdogan’s defeat, it was a way to get rid of him and have Turkey closer to the allies.

Yes of course. But he also made a series of dirty tricks. He controls the press and an important part of the judiciary, which is who prevented the candidacy of his strongest antagonist, the mayor of Istanbul. And in this election he has faced a rather gray character who has achieved 48%. In other words, the victory has been tight.

-Are 5 more years of Erdogan expected with the same leading profile in the international arena?

Yes. The only issue that can end your aura is economics. The economy in Turkey is horrible, they have 44% inflation. Another problem is that the Central Bank is not totally independent, so according to the experts they have made a wrong monetary policy, they did it for political reasons. Erdogan has had 20 years of economic growth, the situation of many people has improved, but if this continues to deteriorate, it can cause a change, because 5 years is a long time. And if he continues to intervene in the economy with populist measures, we have to see what consequences he brings, because people could end up getting tired.

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