Escape from hell to return to him. That is the tragic experience suffered by at least 200 Salvadoran migrants who were killed, tortured and raped in their country after being deported by the United States, according to a report prepared by Human Rights Watch, a non-governmental organization that seeks to defend human rights. .
Within that black figure, the NGO identified 138 cases of deportees who were killed between 2013 and 2019 after returning to the Central American country. Approximately 81 victims were killed when they had been less than a year since they had been returned to El Salvador. Fourteen deportees were killed only one week after their return and three of them died after spending less than 24 hours in El Salvador.
Human Rights Watch points out that those responsible for this violence are the gangs, or gangs, that operate with impunity in El Salvador and the authorities that sometimes abuse the deportees or do not take adequate measures to protect them. Also, the NGO states that the US Government He is responsible because he returns the deportees to a place where there is a risk that they may be victims of violence.
The report – made between 2018 and 2019 – came to these data after reviewing more than 3,840 news published in fourteen Salvadoran media, in addition to interviews with victims, family members and different authorities to analyze the post-deportation impact suffered by several migrants between 2013 and 2019 .
It is estimated that there are 1.2 million Salvadorans in the first power who do not have US citizenship. Of that amount, 25% have a residence permit, while the rest are in an irregular situation. The United States only granted asylum to 18.2% of all Salvadorans who requested it between 2014 and 2018, according to the document.
The Northern Triangle of Central America – El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras – is one of the most violent areas in the world. In a report published in 2017 by Doctors Without Borders, one in two Central Americans interviewed while crossing Mexico said they had left their country due to reasons related to violence. An estimated 500,000 people leave the Northern Triangle to the United States each year.
Gangs were born in the heat of the civil war in El Salvador (1979-1992) and grew, in addition, thanks to deportations from the United States, according to a study by the think tank Crisis Group. About 54,000 people make up these maras that operate in the Northern Triangle, a kind of street army that is one of the main causes of the high insecurity that these three Central American nations suffer. El Salvador is one of the most dangerous countries in the world with a total of 61.8 murders per 100,000 inhabitants. .