Intel vs AMD, clash with new processors in the second half of the year

Intel and AMD are planning to release new desktop PC processors from the end of Q3 to the beginning of Q4. Therefore, the competition between Intel, which succeeded in rebounding with the 12th generation core processor, and AMD, which aims to re-expand market share, is expected to intensify.

Intel has regained a significant portion of the market share since the launch of the 12th generation Core processors (Elder Lake) for desktops such as the Core i9-12900K, Core i7-12700K, and Core i5-12600K in October of last year. On the other hand, AMD gave up a significant portion of the market to Intel in the low-end market with 6 cores or less.

AMD Zen 4 based Ryzen 7000 series processors. (Photo=AMD)

Intel is planning to put ‘Raptor Lake’, which has up to two times more low-power and high-efficiency cores, and AMD is planning to put AMD Ryzen 7000 series, a processor based on the new Zen 4 architecture, to the market.

■ Domestic desktop CPU share, Intel dominates again

The 12th generation Intel Core processor first applied a hybrid structure that combines two different cores: a P (performance) core for high-performance tasks and an E (efficiency) core specialized for low-power and high-efficiency tasks.

According to Danawa Research, in January, the share of Intel processors was 69.97% and AMD processor share was 30.03%. It broke the highest level since September 2020 (62.33%) when the 10th generation core processor was released.

2020.1-2022.1 Processor share trend in the domestic assembled PC market. (Source = Tanawa Research)

Morgan Stanley analyst Joseph Moore predicted on the 1st that “AMD’s sales of Ryzen processors for desktop PCs this year will decrease by about 26% compared to the previous year, due to Intel’s growth in the high-performance PC market for gaming.”

■ Intel 7 process last processor ‘Raptor Lake’

Intel’s Raptor Lake, a core processor to be released this year, is expected to be released at the end of the third quarter at the earliest or the beginning of the fourth quarter at the latest. While the Core i9-12900K, the top-of-the-line product of the previous generation, consists of 16 cores (P8+E8) and 24 threads (8×2+8), this time, the number of E-cores is doubled.

The Core i9-13900K processor, which is expected to be the top product, consists of 24 cores (P8+E8) and 32 threads (8×2+16), so multi-tasking efficiency is also expected to be greatly improved. According to the roadmap released by Intel at the ‘Investor Meeting 2022’ in February, it is the last product produced in the Intel 7 process.

In the second half of this year, the next-generation core processor ‘Raptor Lake’ with increased E-core is scheduled to be released. (Source = Intel)

Memory and storage I/O speeds are also expected to improve. Following DDR4-3200 memory, it supports DDR5-5600 memory and also supports PCI Express 5.0-based NVMe SSD to be released in earnest from the second half of this year.

In February, Intel announced that Raptor Lake would deliver up to double-digit performance gains over 12th-gen cores. The CPU-Z built-in benchmark results revealed by the ES (Engineering Sample) at the end of last month showed that the Core i9-12900K scored 880 single-threaded and 11,289 multi-threaded points, while the Core i9-13900K improved to over 880 points single-threaded and 15,000 points multi-threaded. done.

■ Ryzen 7000 series ‘TSMC 5nm class first CPU’

AMD plans to release the Ryzen 7000 series processors for Zen 4 based desktop PCs in mid-September. It has been three years since the release of the Zen 3 based Ryzen 5000 processor in October 2020.

All Ryzen 7000 series are produced through the TSMC 5-nano process, and a path for data transmission and power supply has been secured through the new socket AM5. It supports not only DDR5 memory, but also PCI Express 5.0 SSD in cooperation with major SSD-related companies such as Python.

Ryzen 7000 processor schematic diagram. It is produced in a chiplet structure that combines a processor core and an I/O die. (Photo=AMD)

AMD CEO Lisasu at the Computex 2022 keynote at the end of May said, “The Ryzen 7000 processor can increase the operating clock to 5 GHz or higher and increase the IPC (Instruction Processing Per Clock) to maximize single-thread (1 core) performance compared to the previous generation. 15% improvement.”

The integrated graphics function is built into a separate chip that is responsible for I/O (input/output) in the processor and operates based on RDNA2. The core of the processor is produced in the TSMC 5nm process, and the chips in charge of I/O are produced in the TSMC 6nm process.

■ Intel also supports DDR4, AMD supports only DDR5

The memory specifications and socket compatibility supported by the new processors that the two companies will release this year are also expected to affect consumers’ choices.

As of the 5th, the price of an 8GB memory module is around 40,000 won for a DDR4-3200 standard product and around 80,000 won for a DDR5-4800 product, which is twice the difference based on the same capacity.

AMD Ryzen 7000 series supports only DDR5 memory, and the socket standard for installing the processor is changed to AM5, so you need to buy a new AM5 standard motherboard such as X670E (Extreme), X670, B650.

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AMD Ryzen 7000 series only supports DDR5 memory, which is up to 2 times more expensive than DDR4 memory. (Photo=GDNet Korea)

Intel Raptor Lake is compatible with LGA 1700 socket-based 600 series chipset motherboards released last year and can be upgraded by replacing only the processor. The processor’s built-in memory controller also supports DDR5 memory and DDR4 memory at the same time.

However, the new processor ‘Meteor Lake’ based on the Intel 4 process to be released in the second half of next year will apply a new socket standard with an increased number of pins instead of the LGA 1700.

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