At the age of 95, the actress and director Marta Stebnicka, a performer of several dozen roles in the Old Theater in Kraków, died; a pedagogue whose pupils were, among others Anna Seniuk and Jan Nowicki. She made her debut during the occupation in the underground theater of Tadeusz Kantor.
/Marek Lasyk /Reporter
Information about the artist’s death was confirmed on Tuesday (July 7) by the Academy of Theater Arts. Stanisław Wyspiański in Krakow.
“An artist unique in her individual choices, brilliantly intelligent, with a sophisticated sense of humor, perfect technique, brave and uncompromising. She underwent all stages of theatrical initiation. Beauty, grace, noble elegance, perfect control over form, resulted in a multitude of roles in classical repertoire, from drama for comedy and farce – in the first years of her acting career “- wrote about Stebnicka Elżbieta Bińczycka at the Digital Museum of the Old Theater.
Marta Stebnicka has been associated with Krakow’s stages for 60 years, especially with the Old Theater. For 15 years she performed in the “Jama Michalika” cabaret. In addition to acting, she was involved in directing, she was a teacher of the Krakow theater school, and privately the wife of Ludwik Jerzy Kern the satirist poet.
The actress was born on March 22, 1925 in Lviv. In 1943, she debuted at the Krakow underground theater of Tadeusz Kantor. She starred in two of his performances – Skierka in “Balladyna” by Juliusz Słowacki and Telemak in “Return of the Odysseus” by Stanisław Wyspiański.
After the war, Stebnicka studied acting at the Teatralny Studio at the Old Theater. Her colleagues were, among others Tadeusz Łomnicki and Andrzej Szczepkowski. She debuted at the Old Theater after graduating from high school on April 1, 1945 in the play “Husband Perfect” by Jerzy Zawieyski, directed by Jerzy Ronard Bujański. In 1946 she began to play in the Krakow theater TUR, her debut there was the role of Elwira in Moliere’s “Świętoszek” (1947) also directed by Bujański.
In the years 1947–49 she worked at the City Drama Theaters, and then until 1954 at the State Drama Theaters. In the years 1954–60 she performed at the Teatr im. Juliusz Słowacki in Krakow, and from 1960 to the mid-1980s in the Old Theater, where she played about 30 roles created in collaboration with outstanding directors: Władysław Krzemiński, Lidia Zamkow, Zygmunt Hübner, Konrad Swinarski, Józef Szajna, and Jerzy Jarocki.
“The audience applauded her temperamental Marcelina in The Dog of the Gardener Lope de Vega, directed by Władysław Krzemiński, a beautiful sinner with a hypocritical mask of devotion Dona Uracca at the Klara Gazul Mérimée Theater directed by Mieczysław Górkiewicz, sensual medieval courtesy of Kreitza and Margotse in Sweden , desperately in love with Szymena in Cyd Corneille, directed by Lidia Zamkow, full of love and devotion Anna Schilling from the End of Book VI of Broszkiewicz, directed by Jerzy Gruda, the grotesque Bellfresco Prototype in Onych Witkacy directed by Józef Szajna, degraded ‘among the bundles and a blanket by Była from Krasiński’s Heavenly Comedy directed by Konrad Swinarski, “wrote Bińczycka.
“Working as a director and literary writer with Piotr Skrzynecki, she created monodramas filled with dynamic expression:” Ha, ha! He he Hi, hi! – y or Theory of Laughter according to Stendhal “and” Praise of Stupidity “by Erasmus of Rotterdam. Philosophical texts, through the perfection of the ascetic form of staging and mastery in acting juggling, aroused laughter, but also reflection over the world,” she added.
As a teacher, she has prepared many diploma performances, mainly of music. In 1989, on the 200th anniversary of the French Revolution, she directed the play “Comedians” at the Paris theater school, for which she received a medal from the mayor of Paris, Jacques Chirac, for services to the city.
In 2015, she was awarded the Gold Medal for Merit to Culture – Gloria Artis.
Marta Stebnicka died on July 6 in Warsaw at the age of 95.
“Marta Stebnicka was a great lady. She taught unusual things at theater school: what a fan, how to hold it, how to sing a literary song. She knew how no one in this country seemed to know,” said Józef Opalski. “I think that if you question her students, everyone would say the same that she was delightful in this respect and if they learned something in the theater and singer matter, it would certainly be from Marta Stebnicka” – he added.
“She was a great actress. She brought with her an extraordinary class and with all her sense of humor, because she liked to have fun and she was extremely ironic, funny, she had something on stage that was called charisma. When she came on stage Marta Stebnicka, everything around changed “- emphasized Opalski.
“I was lucky that she gave me friendship. I am just looking through a briefcase with dozens of unusual letters she wrote to me and I think that it was someone who was a model from Sevres for the culture of our country – not only the theater. Unfortunately, the patterns go away” – He said.
He reminded that the actress played Tadeusz Kantor, but she was also friends with Tadeusz Łomnicki and the greatest Polish actors, and through her marriage with Ludwik Jerzy Kern, she knew the literary environment perfectly. “She performed in cabarets, played dozens of roles in the Old Theater. In a word, someone who was the foundation of the 20th century culture left,” said Opalski.