There is no German translation for “dubliné”, a term used to designate in France migrants who want to apply for asylum but who have already been registered in another European country. According to the Dublin regulations, signed in 2013, they can only apply elsewhere in their first country of arrival.
When Christophe Castaner spoke of the “dublines” who have been arriving in numbers in France for several years, during a trip to Germany, Friday, February 14, at the border police station at Kehl, not far from Strasbourg, the German policeman who acted as interpreter for the occasion could not translate it. “It doesn’t mean anything to me at all”, he confessed, confused, provoking laughter from the ministerial delegation, before being explained the meaning of neologism.
It must be said that the subject is more of an issue for France, where around a third of asylum seekers are said to be dublinates. These are in particular Afghan nationals who have passed through Germany, where they have applied for protection for the first time, which has been rejected.
To combat these flows, at the end of 2018, Paris and Berlin agreed on a “Administrative arrangement” in order to facilitate group transfers of dublinates. While at the national level, less than 20% of dublined asylum seekers are actually transferred to the country responsible for their situation, this rate rises to 48% in the Bas-Rhin – it is up by 128% on a year.
The Minister of the Interior therefore came to congratulate the services for this “Very strong improvement”. In 2019, almost 570 people were brought back to Germany via the Franco-German post at Kehl. Two hundred and fifty-two people were the other way around.
“Pressure in the system”
To facilitate these transfers, the Bas-Rhin prefecture has been particularly proactive. It also opened a 50-place accommodation center exclusively dedicated to dublinates, in Benfeld, south of Strasbourg. Most of the asylum seekers staying there are Chechens, Nigerians, Albanians, Kosovars or Serbs. If around 20% end up abandoning their accommodation, precisely to avoid their transfer, the coordinator of the place for the association Accueil sans frontières, Farid Hamrani, notes the “Will” authorities to reach a “Almost systematic application” from Dublin. “The policy of prioritizing certain accommodations has made it possible to increase arrests, highlighted Charlotte Priestman, of the Strasbourg border police. We put more dubliners in the CRAs [centres de rétention administrative] and got a better remoteness rate. ” The CRA of the department, located in Geispolsheim, thus displays a removal rate of 64%, against 52% at the national level.