Preventing and Eliminating Bed Bugs: Expert Tips and Techniques for a Bug-Free Home

2023-11-18 06:54:02

Bed bug crises have broken out one after another in Japan and South Korea in Europe and Asia. (Photo/Dazhi/Associated Press)

In Europe and Asia, Japan and South Korea have experienced successive outbreaks of bed bug crises, which are blood-sucking creatures commonly known as “bed bugs.” In the past five years, bed bugs have gradually become more common in China due to factors such as international tourism and foreign workers. Dermatologists revealed that bed bugs tend to bite people in the same area of ​​skin, causing small, red, itchy bumps to appear in rows or groups on the face, neck, arms, etc. after a few hours or days. Exposed areas of skin such as the back and legs.

Dermatologist Chen Yucong said that bed bugs, also known as bed bugs (scientific name: Cimicidae), are small parasites that are mainly active at night. They suck human blood and leave red marks on the skin. Bed bugs are very small, about 1.5 to 5 millimeters, and are light brown or dark red in color. They have no wings, but can crawl. Their bodies are shaped like a flat oval, and they become swollen after sucking blood.

(Picture/reproduced from dermatologist Chen Yucong)

Doctors point out that when bed bugs bite a person, they inject a saliva that contains anesthesia, vasodilation and anti-coagulant functions to facilitate continuous blood sucking. Therefore, the bitten person may not feel pain or itching immediately, so bed bugs are easy to bite at the same time. Biting movements on an area of ​​skin, causing small, red, itchy bumps to appear in rows or clusters hours or days later on exposed areas of skin such as the face, neck, arms, back, and legs .

Chen Yucong explained that being bitten by bed bugs can cause allergic reactions of varying degrees. Fortunately, most people only experience mild discomfort and itching. A few people may experience severe redness, swelling and inflammation, or even severe allergic reactions. “If you suspect that there is a bug in your home, If bed bugs are infested, you can use a flashlight or magnifying glass to check the gaps in bedding or furniture to see if there is bed bug excrement and peeling skin, such as black or brown dots, empty shells or dander, which are left behind by bed bugs. Check for traces of blood on the bedding, or look for blood spots on the bedding.”

(Picture/reproduced from dermatologist Chen Yucong)

Doctors share 7 ways to prevent and eliminate lice as follows:

1. Avoid buying second-hand furniture: especially fabric furniture such as mattresses and sofas. If you want to buy it, you need to check whether there are insects and lice, and use high-temperature cleaning or steam treatment.

2. Check for traces of bed bugs: Regularly check the cracks in the bedding and bedside to look for signs of bed bugs or their excrement; and after staying in a hotel while traveling, first check the room for traces of bed bugs (body, molting, worms, etc.) eggs), pay special attention to the bedside, dressing table, corners, etc., and make sure there are no bed bugs before unpacking.

3. Dust Mite Protectors: Use airtight mattress and pillow covers to prevent bed bugs from harboring.

4. Wash and dry clothes at high temperatures: Use high-temperature (at least 60 degrees C) water to wash clothes and sheets and dry them at high temperatures for at least 20 minutes.

5. Steam treatment: Using a steam cleaner with a temperature exceeding 55°C to treat carpets, mattresses and furniture can effectively kill bed bugs and their larvae.

6. Clean thoroughly: Use a stiff brush to scrub the seams of mattresses, box springs and furniture, then vacuum the entire room.

7. Professional pest control: If you find a severe bed bug infestation, you may need to seek professional pest control services.

(Picture/reproduced from dermatologist Chen Yucong)
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