Supreme Electoral Tribunal of Guatemala’s Ruling on Movimiento Semilla: An Overview of Controversies and Legal Actions

2023-09-05 23:00:42
The Supreme Electoral Tribunal of Guatemala annulled the suspension of the legal status of the Movimiento Semilla group, the party of the country’s president-elect, Bernardo Arévalo (AP Photo/Moisés Castillo)

The Guatemalan Prosecutor’s Office requested this Tuesday that the Supreme Court of Justice withdraw the immunity of the five chief magistrates of the Supreme Electoral Tribunal for a fraud complaint filed by the party of former first lady Sandra Torres, who lost the presidential elections against the president elected Bernardo Arevalo.

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The requirement of the Prosecutor’s Office is one more of the judicial actions deployed since the first round of the presidential elections against the electoral bodies, as well as against the boards and their members that were in charge of the vote counting process, as a result of complaints from the political parties dissatisfied with the results.

It also accelerated its investigations against the Movimiento Semilla, the left-wing party that brought Arévalo to the presidency, which is being judicially investigated for alleged irregularities in the signatures it presented to establish itself as a party and for which it faces several attempts to suspend its legal personality. .

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The National Unity of Hope (UNE), Torres’s party, filed a complaint for electoral fraud against the vote counting system that reflected the electoral results a little over a week ago.

The party of former first lady Sandra Torres filed a complaint of fraud against the judges of the Supreme Electoral Tribunal of Guatemala after the defeat in the second round (AP Photo/Moisés Castillo)

The former first lady, who has remained silent since losing her third presidential election, refuses to accept the results announced by the Supreme Electoral Tribunal (TSE), which gave the progressive Arévalo the winner.

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On Tuesday, the TSE will hand over the credentials accrediting Arévalo and his vice president-elect Karin Herrera as president-elect.

According to UNE lawyer Carlos López, the party questions the duplicity of 164 certificates that processed the votes cast by citizens at the polls, for which they asked to investigate the magistrates for the alleged crimes of breach of duty and purposeful abuse of authority electoral.

During the elections on June 25, in the first electoral round, there were incidents of violence in five municipalities of the country, which forced a repeat of the elections for local mayors in those places on August 20, when the second electoral round took place. general to elect president and vice president.

In those municipalities there were precisely 164 polling stations where, in addition to the presidential elections, the municipal elections were repeated, which resulted in the issuance of two minutes from each station, one for the presidential election and the other for the municipal election.

The UNE also questioned that there was a hasty scrutiny and that the counting process was materially impossible to happen given the speed with which the results were released. For this reason, they requested forensic analysis of the system for transmitting preliminary results or another system used by the electoral court, from the first round.

Thousands of people called for the resignation of the attorney general for interfering in the electoral process (Europa Press/Contact/Fernando Chuy)

Thousands of Guatemalans protested on Monday in front of the offices of the Public Ministry in different parts of the country demanding the resignation of Attorney General Consuelo Porras, whom they say is trying to prevent the next president from taking office.

The protests began last week and also demand the resignation of the prosecutor Rafael Curruchiche and the judge Fredy Orellana, whom they point out as being behind the legal actions against the Seed Movement, the party that gave the surprise in the elections and that led to win the presidency to the progressive Bernardo Arévalo.

On Friday, Arévalo gave names and surnames to those who he believes are heading for a “coup” in the Central American country and accused Porras, Curruchiche, Orellana and the Board of Directors of Congress of seeking to suspend Semilla’s legal status. On Wednesday, Congress stripped the current deputies of that force from the party after Orellana’s ruling that suspended Semilla despite the fact that there is still no final sentence.

(With information from AP)

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