Three years, one month and eighteen days, or 1,144 days: this was the duration of Edouard Philippe’s lease in Matignon before he offered his resignation to Emmanuel Macron, Friday July 3. Three years of rapid reform and major crises to face.
Starting with education: from September 2017, certain classes of CP and CE1 are split in schools located in priority education zones, where the number of pupils in difficulty is the highest. From the start of the 2019 school year, school is made compulsory from the age of 3 years. As part of the action plan against poverty, the government is introducing a support system allowing families in difficulty to pay no more than one euro for a meal in the school canteen.
It is also the presentation of a new organization of teaching and the reform of the baccalaureate, which will cause challenges both among high school students and teachers. Also challenged is the introduction of the Parcoursup online service enabling students to enroll in the first year of higher education.
Two significant events will take place in the field of ecology. It was first the announcement, in January 2018, after years of controversy, of the abandonment of the airport project at Notre-Dame-des-Landes (Loire-Atlantique). It is also the limitation of speed to 80 km / h on secondary roads, in the name of road safety, and the introduction of the carbon tax. Two decisions that will help crystallize the movement of “yellow vests”.
Unemployment, pensions, withholding tax…
On social issues, Mr. Philippe’s team has successfully carried out – or launched – several major reforms. In September 2017, five ordinances rewrote the labor code to lighten the obligations on employers. Less than a year later, a law on the railway sector was adopted, abolishing the status of the railroad worker after several weeks of strike at the SNCF.
The executive also changed the rules of unemployment insurance, during the summer of 2019, by tightening the conditions of eligibility; The methods for calculating allowances have also been turned upside down, so that a little over 800,000 job seekers could see their benefits reduced. However, most of these provisions, denounced by the unions, have been suspended or postponed because of the health crisis: some of them could be abandoned or amended in the coming weeks.
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