Among the points agreed in the “Progressive Coalition” document, the PSOE and Podemos have included a battery of measures related to Historical Memory. In addition to the exhumation of graves and the withdrawal of Francoist symbols, both parties promise to develop “actions to recognize and repair the victims of the Civil War and the Dictatorship”, declaring October 31 as “the Day of remembrance for all victims of Francoism ”, and on May 8 as“ the Day of recognition of the victims of exile ”.
Why have you chosen these dates? Today, October 31 is World Savings Day, Cities and Halloween, a feast of Celtic tradition with increasing monitoring in Spain. The “Progressive Coalition” has chosen this date for the Day of Remembrance of the victims of the military coup and the Dictatorship because, according to a proposed law already presented on July 30, 2019, “coincides with the anniversary of October 31, 1978 , when the Spanish Constitution was approved in both plenary sessions of the Congress of Deputies and the Senate. According to this same text, Memorial Day aims to highlight the day on which political representatives voted in Congress in favor of the Magna Carta, the first democratic since Franco’s coup d’etat.
The date also coincides, as highlighted by the legislative initiative, with the approval in the Lower House of the so-called Historical Memory Act of 2007. The name “Memorial day for all victims of Francoism” leaves, in any case, out of the commemoration of the thousands of deaths of the other side in the Civil War.
As for May 8, the proposed date for “the Day for the recognition of the victims of exile”, it is currently the World Day of the Red Cross and Red Crescent and, in Spain, the Scholars Day. But, above all, it is a day considered fundamental in the history of mankind for being that of the Victory in Europe of the Allies of World War II, and, consequently, today the Days of Remembrance and Reconciliation are celebrated on those dates. Honor of Those Who Lost Life in World War II.
The General Assembly of the United Nations declared in 2010 on May 8 and 9 as an occasion for the remembrance and to pay tribute to all the victims of the Second World War, including the exiled Spanish soldiers who fought alongside the Allies.
In May 1945, the Allies of World War II accepted the unconditional surrender of Nazi Germany, which was represented in the signature by Colonel General Alfred Jodl after it was authorized by his successor, Karl Dönitz. The Military Surrender Act was signed at the Headquarters of Dwight D. Eisenhower, Supreme Allied Commander in Europe, on May 7 in Reims (France), and on May 8 at the headquarters of the Soviet Union in Karlshorst, Berlin ( Germany).
Paradoxically, the date of May 8 is also very important for the left at parliamentary level. Pablo Iglesias, leader and founder of UGT and PSOE, was able to be a deputy in Cortes that day of 1910, when he
a Republican-Socialist conjunction obtained 40,899 votes. The first deputy of this match.
In addition, the first regional elections were held on May 8, 1983 and won by the PSOE with 416,177 votes. .