The numerous tools found by chance in the famous concentration camp during the current restoration work could have been used to make and repair clothing, perform locksmithing, trade with other inmates, or even escape. This was explained by those responsible for the works prior to a new exhibition at the Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum.
These are a series of hidden objects, including knives, forks, scissors, hooks, pieces of leather, shoemaker tools and fragments of shoes, as announced last week by the National Fund of the Republic of Austria for victims of National Socialism. They are believed to have been hidden by prisoners interned in Block 17 of the death camp who was released on January 27, 1945.
That same day, the Soviets found more than 7,500 survivors at Auschwitz. And, in addition, in the warehouses today converted into the museum of horror, they also found 350,000 items of men’s clothing, 837,000 dresses of women and 7.7 tons of human hair, but neither the liberators nor the Nazis ever gave this little treasure. .
6,000 Jews a day
Block 17, the BBC reports, was comprised of a cellar, a ground floor, an upper floor, and an attic, and possibly housed the chimney sweeps and a number of prisoners with specialized craft skills. Some survivor testimonies suggest that in the basement the prisoners were indeed forced to weave baskets for use by the Nazis. However, the Austrian foundation is not sure why they chose to hide these objects and not others. An upcoming study by a number of historians and conservatives is expected to shed more light on the origins of this finding.
In just over four and a half years, Hitler’s Germany murdered 1.1 million people, of whom one million were Jews, in this death camp in southern Nazi-occupied Poland during the Second War World. For this they used huge gas chambers. It is estimated that between 1943 and 1944, at the height of deportations, an average of 6,000 Jews a day were gassed, according to data from the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.
The renovation of the old Block 17 began in September with the aim of restoring the large two-story brick barrack that, on the ground floor, has housed its permanent exhibition since 1978. It is precisely this that will be completely remodeled by 2021. Some works that will be They are carrying out in the midst of the Covid-19 pandemic, by a small group of workers with all the preventive measures established by the authorities.
It was in January precisely when a number of Holocaust survivors, and a number of international leaders, gathered in Auschwitz to mark the 75th anniversary of the camp’s liberation. One of the more than forty that, not including the satellite fields, were rescued by the allies in those days. .