World’s Biggest Wine Producers by Country

2023-09-13 16:06:23

Ranked: World’s Biggest Wine Producers By Country

“Wine gives a man fresh strength when he is wearied”Homer, The Iliad

Wine has been in our cups, in our thoughts, and in our poems for many a millennia, from the antics of Dionysus, the Greek god of wine, to its symbolism in the Last Supper. But breaking down the biggest wine producers by country in the modern era leads to some interesting surprises.

This infographic by Alberto Rojo Moro uses data from the International Organization of Vine and Wine (HIV) to visualize where wine production is concentrated in the world.

We take a quick look below.

The Top Wine Producers By Country in 2022

At the top of the list, Italy produced nearly 50 million hectoliters—or about 1,994 Olympic-sized swimming pools—of wine in 2022, accounting for nearly one-fifth of total production in the year. Less than half of that wine was sent to overseas markets, also making Italy the biggest exporter of the beverage by volume.

ℹ️ One hectolitre is equal to 100 liters and is used as a unit of measure for wine, beer, and other agricultural produce.

The country’s long coastline results in a moderate climate, allowing winemaking to occur in 20 different regions in Italy, with Veneto, Apulia, Emilia-Romagna, and Sicily leading in production.

Other known wine connoisseur countries—France (45.6 hectoliters) and Spain (35.8 million hectoliters)—rank second and third in wine production respectively. Together these three countries make up half of the world’s wine supply.

Here’s a full list of the world’s biggest wine producers by country.

Rank Country Continent Quantity
(1,000 hl)
% of Total
Production
1 ???????? Italy Europe 49,843 19.30%
2 ???????? France Europe 45,590 17.65%
3 ???????? Spain Europe 35,703 13.82%
4 ???????? U.S. America 22,385 8.67%
5 ???????? Australia Oceania 12,745 4.93%
6 ???????? Chile America 12,444 4.82%
7 ???????? Argentina America 11,451 4.43%
8 ???????? South Africa Africa 10,155 3.93%
9 ???????? Germany Europe 8,940 3.46%
10 ???????? Portugal Europe 6,777 2.62%
11 ???????? Russia Europe 4,700 1.82%
12 ???????? China Asia 4,182 1.62%
13 ???????? New Zealand Oceania 3,830 1.48%
14 ???????? Romania Europe 3,788 1.47%
15 ???????? Brazil America 3,200 1.24%
16 ???????? Hungary Europe 2,900 1.12%
17 ???????? Austria Europe 2,527 0.98%
18 ???????? Georgia Europe 2,135 0.83%
19 ???????? Greece Europe 2,127 0.82%
20 ???????? Moldova Europe 1,400 0.54%
21 ???????? Switzerland Europe 992 0.38%
22 ???????? North Macedonia Europe 936 0.36%
23 ???????? Japan Asia 830 0.32%
24 ???????? Peru America 810 0.31%
25 ???????? Uruguay America 756 0.29%
26 ???????? Bulgaria Europe 747 0.29%
27 ???????? Canada America 692 0.27%
28 ???????? Ukraine Europe 660 0.26%
29 ???????? Türkiye Asia 622 0.24%
30 ???????? Czech Republic Europe 586 0.23%
31 ???????? Croatia Europe 561 0.22%
32 ???????? Slovenia Europe 546 0.21%
33 ???????? Kazakhstan Asia 445 0.17%
34 ???????? Israel Asia 430 0.17%
35 ???????? Morocco Africa 418 0.16%
36 ???????? Turkmenistan Asia 400 0.15%
37 ???????? Mexico America 396 0.15%
38 ???????? Tunisia Africa 370 0.14%
39 ???????? Belarus Europe 340 0.13%
40 ???????? Slovakia Europe 334 0.13%
41 ???????? Albania Europe 228 0.09%
42 ???????? Uzbekistan Asia 216 0.08%
43 ???????? Algeria Africa 193 0.07%
44 ???????? India Asia 180 0.07%
45 ???????? UK Europe 91 0.04%
46 ???????? Luxembourg Europe 85 0.03%
47 ???????? Cyprus Europe 79 0.03%
48 ???????? Lithuania Europe 32 0.01%
49 ???????? Belgium Europe 30 0.01%
50 ???????? Malta Europe 13 0.01%
51 ???????? Netherlands Europe 10 0.00%
52 ???????? Poland Europe 5 0.00%
53 ???????? Denmark Europe 1 0.00%
???? World All 258,265 100%
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Note: Percentages may not sum to 100% due to rounding.

The U.S.ranked 4th, is the top wine producer from the Americas, beating out other wine-producing countries like Chile (6th) and Argentina (7th).

South Africa, ranked 8th, is one of only four African countries in the dataset as winemaking isn’t as widespread on the continent as other regions in the world.

Meanwhile, China (ranked 12th) is the top wine producer from Asia. The region’s preference for other distilled spirits helps explain why the next two biggest Asian wine producers, Japan (23rd) and Türkiye (29th) occupy the middle ranks.

Unsurprisingly, European countries account for two-thirds of the world’s wine supply, followed by the Americas (20%) and then Oceania (6%).

Climate Concerns for Future Wine Production

Wine production has stayed relatively stable for the last decade but climate change is coming for this industry as well.

According to the New York Timeswarmer temperatures are both a blessing and curse for winemakers. Some areas once deemed too inhospitable for grapevines (like England) are starting to show potential for certain varietals and wines. At the same time, in some traditional regions, prolonged warmer weather is leading to overripening, forcing winemakers to limit the grapes’ exposure to sunlight.

And the general weather anomalies caused by climate change—floods, droughts, wildfires—all make wine production just a little more difficult than it already is.

Which prompts a question worth pouring a glass of wine over to ponder: which wine producing countries will survive, adapt, languish or thrive in the coming decades?

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This article was published as a part of Visual Capitalist’s Creator Programwhich features data-driven visuals from some of our favorite Creators around the world.

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