August 19, 1978: More than 370 people are killed in an arson attack on a cinema in Abadan, Iran

2023-08-18 22:43:09

1493: After the death of Emperor Friedrich III. His son Maximilian I takes over the rule of the empire.
1848: A report in the New York newspaper “Herald” about alleged gold discoveries triggers the “California Gold Rush”.
1933: At a leader conference of SA, SS and Stahlhelm in Bad Godesberg, NSDAP leader and Reich Chancellor Adolf Hitler affirmed the military preference of the Reichswehr and rejected any “Germanization” of foreign races.
1953: Great Britain waived the payment of the occupation costs by Austria.
1953: Iranian Prime Minister Mossadegh is overthrown, Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi can return.
1978: More than 370 dead in an arson attack on a cinema in Abadan, Iran.
1993: 24-year-old Karl-Heinz Grasser from Klagenfurt becomes FPÖ General Secretary.
2003: An attack on the UN headquarters in Baghdad kills 22 people, including special envoy Sergio Vieira de Mello. (The 55-year-old Brazilian had been the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights and led East Timor to independence.)

birthdays: Iñigo López de Mendoza, Marqués des Santillana, Spanish poet and humanist (1398-1458); Marie Jeanne Bécu, Countess du Barry, mistress of Louis XV. (1743-1793); James Nasmyth, Scottish engineer (1808-1890); Gabrielle (Coco) Chanel, French fashion designer (1883-1971); Jimmy Rowles, US jazz musician (1918-1996); Johann Christoph Allmayer-Beck, Austria historian (1918-2017); Barbara Bronnen (aka Bronner), German-Austrian Writer and journalist (1938-2019); Mette-Marit, Crown Princess of Norway (1973).
days of death: Frederick III, German Emperor (1415-1493); Balthasar Neumann, German Baroque master builder (1687-1753); Hermann Withalm, Austria politician (1912-2003); Hellmut Andics, Austria journalist and historian (1922-1998); Sérgio Vieira de Mello, Brazilian diplomat and top UN official (1948-2003).
name days: Johann, Sebald, Jean, Caritas, Ludwig, Bertulf, Emilia, Arnulf, Sigbert, Reinlinde, Leo, Marion.

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