News »In all its subtleties and rudenesses« (Tageszeitung junge Welt)

»In all its subtleties and rudenesses« (Tageszeitung junge Welt)



Wolfgang Kluge / Federal Archives, image 183-1987-0702-032 / Kluge, Wolfgang / CC-BY-SA 3.0

Werner Eberlein on 2 July 1987 in Lower Saxony: Hannovers Lord Mayor Herbert Schmalstieg (SPD, r.) Welcomes the SED delegation, Werner Eberlein (M.) and Ewald Moldt (l.), For an interview

These were legend-ridden times when Werner Eberlein was born in Berlin 100 years ago today. It is said, it is said in his memoirs, that on November 9, 1919, a cold Sunday, a comrade stormed out of breath into a pub, meeting place of the KPD at Silesian Station, and announced: "The Eberlein has a son – now do Let's get our own squad! "On the following day, Wilhelm Pieck managed to disappear from there with the help of a young comrade who came to Moabit Criminal Court as a cleaning lady. The civic press foamed.

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"The Eberlein," was the technical draftsman Hugo Eberlein, born in Saalfeld in 1887, married to the seamstress Anna Harms since 1913, member of the SPD, co-founder of the International Group, the Spartakusbund and the KPD, then in 1919 also the Communist International , arrested in Moscow exile in 1937, shot dead in 1941. The procedure was extended to the son. Werner Eberlein, who fled to the Soviet Union at the age of 14, had to leave the Karl Liebknecht School in Moscow at the age of 17, had been working in exile in Siberia since 1939, and returned to Berlin at the age of 28. The eleven years had not been lost, he judged. The people he met would have offset bad experiences with warmth and sympathy, and his political ideals had even been consolidated. And last but not least, he got to know "the Russian language in all its subtlety and rudeness."

Werner Eberlein was the most famous interpreter of the GDR. The "friendly giant," according to an Indian friend, next to Nikita Khrushchev, Walter Ulbricht or Yuri Gagarin knew every child. When he wanted to become a retiree, the SED leadership did not let the popular comrades go. He resisted with reference to his "advanced age," but the stations were: member of the Central Committee, the Politburo, head of the district organization Magdeburg. The "optimistic doubter," said Stefan Doernberg in jw2002, being with people, with family and friends, was the most important thing. He enjoyed in the autumn of 1989 and beyond, great sympathy in the population. The closest circle around him also meets today – not in a pub like in 1919, but in Berlin. Werner Eberlein published his memoirs with his brother Klaus Huhn in 2000, published by Das Neue Berlin. Anyone who wants to understand the history of the German labor movement and the GDR must have read it.

. (TagsToTranslate) 1918-19 (t) Berlin (t) DDR (t) Russia


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