Is it nonetheless protected to drive a Citroën?

2024-06-15 23:00:30

Stellantis not too long ago introduced a large recall of Citroën vehicles as a consequence of defective airbags. This recall marketing campaign impacts tons of of hundreds of C3 and DS3 fashions world wide, sufficient to trigger many fears of their customers.

For a number of weeks, the Stellantis Group has launched a recall marketing campaign for its C3 and DS3 vehicles geared up with Takata airbags. This airbag poses a danger of deploying mechanically, for no obvious purpose. And this might have critical penalties since a number of deaths and accidents have been recorded in abroad and mainland France in recent times. The group specifies that the automobiles in query had been manufactured between 2009 and 2019.

A propellant drawback

Initially, how does an airbag work? “It’s a balloon that’s trapped in an envelope and shall be launched when a pc decides to begin the firing process. It’s an explosion that takes place in a capsule or housing nicely supplied for this function, and the fuel, by exploding, will permit the airbag to inflate.“, explains Sébastien Toussaint, electromechanical engineer and professor on the Haute École de la Ville de Liège.

These airbags provided by the Japanese producer Takata pose a critical danger because of the deterioration of an inner fuel. “On this case, there shall be issues with the fuel used. It’s due to this fact the integrity of the system that has misplaced stability. In different phrases, if the airbag deploys, we’re not positive that it’s in the correct situations, and moreover, we’re not positive that it can’t deploy by itself.

Humidity within the air is a parameter that may speed up the growing older of the fuel

The fuel then undergoes a chemical response that accelerates with the temperature and humidity within the air. “A bit like all chemical reactions which can be delicate to exterior parameters, resembling temperature, with humidity within the air constitutes a parameter that may speed up the growing older of the fuel supposed for the projection of the airbag.

Due to this fact, it’s presently tough to know the place the origin of the issue really comes from on the facet of the airbag producer Takata, which went bankrupt in 2017.”Virtually 20 years in the past, the Japanese provider used a fuel that had been examined on the time. However it might not have been examined sufficient“, asks Sébastien Toussaint.

When triggered, metallic fragments will be thrown and trigger critical harm. “The airbag is housed in a housing fabricated from components that aren’t supposed to trigger injury when deployed in a standard method. Nonetheless, because the fuel has degraded, it’s potential that the parts of the envelope additionally remodel right into a projectile“, signifies the engineer, for whom the substance may doubtlessly show simply as harmful.”If the airbag deploys too shortly, the material, which is generally delicate, can flip into one thing harmful as a result of it will likely be very stiff when it hits the motive force’s face.”

Different manufacturers touched upon earlier

From there to confirming that driving a Citroën is extra dangerous is a step the engineer refuses to take. “Toyota and Tesla have had brake issues earlier than. Each model has its issues, I am unsure it is any extra dangerous to drive a Citroën now than another automobile that may be geared up with the identical kind of gasoline.“With good purpose, different automobile manufacturers have used totally different subcontractors than the Japanese subcontractor, however who’ve used the identical fuel.

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If the scandal right now impacts Citroën and the Stellantis group, it’s not unimaginable that it’s going to have an effect on different manufacturers because it has already occurred previously. Since 2014, it’s estimated that tens of hundreds of thousands of vehicles from totally different manufacturers, resembling Mazda, Ford, BMW or Honda, have been recalled to interchange these faulty airbags. Stellantis has additionally introduced {that a} preventive recall measure has been began for different fashions, specifically the C4, DS4 and DS5. Replacements are carried out steadily relying on the age of the automobiles and their geographical location.

Increasingly reminders

Past the colossal recall marketing campaign of the Stellantis group, the phenomenon appears an increasing number of recurring within the automotive trade. “Recall actions are carried out extra usually than 10 or 20 years in the past“, confirms Joost Kaesemans, PR supervisor at Touring.

In response to him, a part of the reason lies within the industrial stress that weighs an increasing number of on the event groups. There may be all the time a robust industrial stress, the place the producer has to current higher geared up, newest technology automobiles, with a brand new look. The event time for a brand new mannequin have to be as quick as potential, as a result of shoppers right now are tempted to purchase a brand new automobile each 5 – 6 years. The assortment should due to this fact be renewed, with new fashions. This will doubtlessly scale back testing and improvement of technological parts within the automobile.

Sébastien Toussaint agrees: “There After I was 20 it took possibly six years to develop a automobile, now it takes 4. That is two years much less. This in all probability explains why he has extra reminders to cope with.” Sufficient to show shoppers into beta testers?”Not for safety businesses, however for methods that don’t have any impression on safety, resembling multimedia, the person usually acts as a tester and debugger“, he complains.

There are extra remembers, however automobiles have turn out to be extra dependable and last more

Different components may clarify the rise in recall campaigns, resembling the event of on-board applied sciences, but additionally a lot stricter necessities for security and anti-pollution requirements. Nonetheless, Joost Kaesemans desires to qualify this phenomenon. “Il There are extra remembers, however automobiles have turn out to be an increasing number of dependable and last more. Many reliability and safety points are behind us. The issue of rust on the physique now not exists. An engine that solely runs 100,000 kilometers now not exists both. If they’re referred to as once more to the workshop extra usually, the automobiles shall be “higher high quality, extra sturdy and causes fewer issues than earlier than”, specifies the PR supervisor in Touring.

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