Maximizing Harvest Efficiency: Updates on Early Rice Harvest and Late Rice Planting Nationwide

2023-08-03 01:08:00

According to the latest agricultural situation dispatch of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, at present, the early rice harvest across the country is basically over. This year, the planting area of ​​early rice remains stable, the meteorological conditions during the early rice growth period are generally normal, and key measures such as centralized seedling raising, typhoon prevention, and rush to harvest and dry are implemented. Early rice production is expected to achieve a high yield and harvest.

Grab the weather and grab the harvest at the right time

Right now, the harvest of early rice in Lichuan County, Jiangxi is coming to an end. In order to do a good job in the harvest of early rice, the local technical service team was dispatched to the field to guide the growers to seize the fine weather and harvest at the right time. At the same time, more than 500 harvesters were organized to fully protect the early rice Harvesting, providing services such as calling agricultural machinery to the field, and ensuring “double grabbing”.

Wang Yan, Secretary of the Party Committee of Hongcun Town, Lichuan County, Jiangxi Province: We provide services such as calling agricultural machinery to the field, which improves the efficiency of harvesters. At the same time, 30 harvesters were coordinated from neighboring counties in Fujian to support rush harvesting, ensuring that farmers seized the time node for early rice and promptly planted the second season of late rice.

In the Xinjian District of Nanchang City, in order to facilitate the collection and storage of wet millet for farmers, the local agriculture and grain department launched a through-train service for wet millet delivery, and arranged more than 100 vehicles to collect grain at the village head for free. The rice is collected directly from the field, saving farmers from the laborious work of turning the rice under the high temperature.

Xiong Xianchun, a large grain grower in Lianxu Town, Xinjian District, Nanchang City, Jiangxi Province: The drying factory also sent grain trucks to help us transport grain, which saved us a lot of freight.

During the harvest of early rice in Fujian this year, Typhoon No. 5 “Dusuri” landed. In order to effectively deal with the adverse effects of typhoon and other weather on the early rice harvest, all parts of Fujian quickly organized harvesting teams and agricultural technicians to the villages to help growers. Grab the harvest of mature crops and ensure that the pellets are returned to the warehouse.

Lin Binghong, director of the Agricultural Technology Station of the Agriculture and Rural Bureau of Yunxiao County, Fujian Province: According to our production measurements at several locations, the yield is higher than in previous years, with the yield per mu ranging from 520 kg to 600 kg.

More than 80% of the country’s late rice planting has been planted

In some areas in southern my country, rice is generally planted in two seasons. In July, early rice is harvested and late rice is rushed to the “double rush” busy farming season. As the harvest of early rice is basically over, the sowing and planting of late rice is accelerating. The latest agricultural dispatch of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs shows that the sowing and planting of late rice nationwide has exceeded 80%.

Right now, Guangdong’s late rice planting has exceeded 50%. In the past two years, through the implementation of projects such as “turning small fields into large fields” and “changing dry land with water”, the mechanization level of farming and harvesting has been greatly improved. In Yanggongling Village, Shixing County, Shaoguan City, with the automatic operation of the rice transplanter, the rice seedlings were neatly and precisely planted in the soil.

Shen Yanxin, a major planter in Yanggongling Village, Shixing County, Shaoguan City, Guangdong Province: This year the plan is to plant 1,000 mu of rice. In the first half of the year, 400 mu of early rice has been completed, and 600 mu of rice in the second half of the year is also in the process of transplanting.

In Nanchang County, Jiangxi Province, the local area is grasping the farming season, and shortening the growth period of late rice by adopting the techniques of precise rice sowing and transplanting of strong seedlings.

Min Yubin, director of the Agricultural and Rural Office of Fushan Township, Nanchang County, Nanchang City, Jiangxi Province: Fewer seeds are used, and the age of late rice seedlings is extended, which will turn green faster, shorten the growing time of crops in the field by about ten days, and effectively reduce the risk of late rice encountering cold dew wind .

Right now, 400,000 mu of late rice transplanting in Xiangxiang, Hunan is being carried out in an orderly manner. In the carbon shed village of Xiangxiang City, there used to be many farmers who farmed scatteredly in the village, and the land utilization rate and farmers’ income were at a low level. Since last year, the village has transferred 1,084 mu of scattered cultivated land. At the same time, it has established an agricultural machinery cooperative and signed an agreement with the village’s “old mobile phone hands”. The scope of work radiates to 6 surrounding villages.

Xu Zhaojun, head of the Agricultural Machinery Cooperative in Dongjiao Township, Xiangxiang City, Hunan Province: Now there are a lot of agricultural machinery in my village, and we must manage them in a unified way to maximize the benefits. This year, our cooperative has much more service orders than last year. Basically, this week is full. Now we need to seize the good weather and try to plant more fields.

According to the dispatch of agricultural conditions, as of now, 83.1% of the country’s late rice has been planted, and the progress is 1.4 percentage points faster than the same period last year.

(CCTV reporter Liang Lijuan and Liu Cheng)

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