Who are the young people entering the job market in 2017? Nearly 80% have a baccalaureate, nearly 50% have a higher education diploma, 12% have no diploma – ie 90,000 young people. The Generation 2017 survey, published on Thursday 1is December by the Center for Studies and Research on Qualifications (Cereq), analyzes the differences in conditions of access to employment, three years after the cohort left the school or higher education system.
The 25,000 young people who responded to this survey are representative of the 746,000 who left the French education system for the first time at all levels of training in 2017. They were asked about their school career and their first three years of working life. using a monthly calendar, detailing their activities during the period.
More qualified than the previous generation, the 2017 generation is also better off in terms of professional integration, notes Cereq: access to permanent employment is becoming more frequent and rapid, a trend that applies to all young people.
The share of permanent jobs represents 72% of jobs held in October 2020, i.e. 6 points more than the 2010 generation, the previous generation to have been scrutinized. “This generation is experiencing a significantly lower unemployment rate, compared to that of 2010, which suffered the brunt of the economic crisis of 2008notes Céline Gasquet, scientific director. On the other hand, inequalities in the labor market remain very marked by the level of qualification and are even tending to increase. »
A quarter of young people work while studying
The influence of social origin on the pursuit of studies is real: 57% of the children of executives graduate from long-term higher education against 8% of the children of manual workers. Bac+5 graduates have four times more often a manager mother (35%) than non-graduates (9%). If 60% of the generation continued their studies after the baccalaureate, 22% of them failed in higher education.
Work during studies concerned 27% of the cohort, ie more than a quarter of young people, mostly university graduates. In half of the cases, it was a regular job of more than eight hours per week, unrelated to studies. They are 44% to estimate that the experience disrupted their course, and 78% that it nevertheless made it possible to acquire useful skills for the future.
Despite coming from the most privileged CSPs, and benefiting for 80% of them from family financial aid, 38% of business school graduates have taken out a bank loan (compared to 15% for bac+5 graduates, and 7% overall).
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