Prof. M. Šešelgytė: three vital elements concerning Ukraine’s EU membership

At the moment, 9 states are named among the many potential EU members: the nations of the Western Balkans and three affiliate members – Sakartvel, Ukraine and Moldova. In line with M. Šešelgytė, all login combos are attainable.

“There may be varied situations. This will also be achieved by the nations of the Western Balkans individually. There may be solely three related states all collectively, that’s Ukraine, Moldova, Sakartvel. There may very well be a combination, or there may very well be what may be very more likely to be a phased connection of nations. These nations which have began the negotiation course of and have actually achieved loads can get an invite to affix the European Union earlier than others, and people nations that jumped on the prepare later and it takes them longer to do their homework may be part of later,” says M. Sheselgytė.

What’s closest to the EU threshold?

When speaking about Ukraine’s prospects for becoming a member of the EU, the political scientist singles out three important parts. First, the harmonization of laws and laws, which is a large and time-consuming activity.

The second is the problem of reforms. Ukraine must root out corruption, which is made harder by the opposite, at present most vital aspect, the continued battle with Russia. It’s significantly troublesome to hold out reforms whereas it’s underway.

There may be additionally an overarching issue – the truth that Ukraine is a large nation, so its accession can be a substantial problem for the EU itself – the director of VU TSPMI is satisfied.

M. Šešelgytė singles out North Macedonia among the many main nations which have carried out probably the most reforms and are the primary in line to affix the EU, stressing that it’s a lot simpler for smaller states to implement reforms. True, the political scientist emphasizes that, along with goal political standards, a political resolution may even be vital.

“There can be loads of consideration in order that there isn’t any disappointment, in order that the brand new members don’t worsen the safety scenario. So the negotiations will take a very long time”, predicts the director of VU TSPMI.

How will the event have an effect on Lithuania and the EU?

Analyzing the affect of EU growth on Lithuania, M. Šešelgytė mentions the altering monetary relationship of our nation with the European Union. Lithuania would turn into a donor from a recipient. True, the political scientist claims that though improvement would price cash, it could even be an funding.

“On the one hand, if we’re speaking about nations like Ukraine, Sakartvel or Moldova, then we put money into our safety, however the identical arguments stay when speaking concerning the nations of the Western Balkans, as a result of if there are conflicts there, the waves ripple in a short time and attain us. As well as, it’s each the event of the widespread market and the rise in inhabitants within the European Union. All this creates added worth and will increase the European Union’s competitiveness on the earth, growing its energy. As a member of the European Union, we have an interest within the development of the EU financial system,” explains the political scientist.

Talking about threats to the survival of the European Union, M. Šešelgytė assures that she doesn’t see black clouds gathering over the group. In line with her, most even giant EU states like Poland or Germany are small within the international context, so they’re enthusiastic about discovering widespread options and normally discover them eventually.

An distinctive instance is the Brexit referendum, however in response to the director of VU TSPMI, the UK itself has all the time had a singular relationship with the EU.

The Brexit scenario is completely different. The UK has all the time saved somewhat distance. It didn’t take part in some EU insurance policies, it had quite a lot of exceptions, and subsequently its inhabitants by no means felt such a powerful European id, which a really giant variety of Europeans really feel. So relating to a possible exit of the Netherlands, for instance, Dutch and UK societies are very completely different on this regard,” says the interviewee.

You possibly can hear extra political scientist’s insights concerning the potential improvement of the EU, rising challenges and probably the most influential individuals in at this time’s European establishments within the “Your Voice – Europe” podcast.

VIDEO: “Your voice is Europe”: Professor M. Šešelgytė – about EU growth, its price and all-round advantages

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2024-06-11 19:30:25

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