The extinction of monkeypox, the spread of cholera and Ebola[클릭, 글로벌 제약·바이오]

[이데일리 유진희 기자]Global pharmaceutical and bio industry issues were collected for a week (October 10 to October 16). This week, news about epidemics circulating around the world drew attention.

(Photo = Image Today)

Monkey smallpox, which has attracted worldwide attention following Corona 19, is in a calming mood. However, Ebola and cholera outbreaks in Africa are threatening regional security.

The New York Times (NYT) reported that the number of local monkeypox infections decreased by more than 85% from the recent peak (August). Of the 72,000 known global infections so far, 28 confirmed deaths.

Along with the spread of vaccines, the decrease in sexual activity among LGBTI men, who were identified as the main route for the spread of the virus, was cited as the main cause of the decrease. The fact that monkeypox is only transmitted through close contact has been suggested as one of the reasons why the spread did not last long.

Monkeypox is over, but cholera and Ebola have resurfaced as concerns in Africa. France’s AFP news agency reported that Malawi, in southern Africa, is asking the UN for more cholera vaccine aid after 128 people have died in a water-borne epidemic of cholera.

Malawi has reported 4,420 cholera cases since the first outbreak in March. In particular, as cholera rapidly spread from the south to the central and northern regions, the number of infections nearly tripled since last August. Cholera has spread in 24 out of 28 districts across the country.

The World Health Organization (WHO) warned last week that Malawi is on the verge of a public health crisis with cholera. Malawi authorities are concerned that the situation will get worse during the rainy season in November and December. Worldwide, 1.3 to 4 million people are diagnosed with cholera every year. The highest death toll per year is 143,000.

Reuters reported that the Ebola virus was confirmed in Kampala, the capital of Uganda in East Africa. The patient died on the 7th (local time), and Ugandan Health Minister Jane Ruth Acheng said the Ebola infection was confirmed by a sample taken before burial.

Since the first case was confirmed on September 20, a total of 54 confirmed cases and 19 deaths have been reported. Ebola is mainly transmitted through contact with body fluids of patients and causes fatal hemorrhagic fever.

Meanwhile, Uganda President Yoweri Museveni immediately introduced several regulatory measures, including a night curfew, to prevent the spread of the Ebola virus on the 15th. He has decided to ban entry to two districts, the central Ebola epicenter, Mubende and Kasanda, for 21 days, and also close religious and entertainment facilities.

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