Understanding Psoriasis: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

2023-10-29 07:00:00

Fatima Khalil wrote Sunday, October 29, 2023 09:00 AM

On October 29 of each year, the world celebrates World Psoriasis Day to raise awareness of this disease. And psoriasis It is a chronic inflammatory skin condition characterized by the presence of clearly defined red, scaly plaques. In this report, we learn about the symptoms and causes of psoriasis, according to the “dermnetnz” website.

Psoriasis affects 2-4% of males and females. It can begin at any age, including childhood, with peak onset at ages 15-25 and 50-60 years and tends to last a lifetime, fluctuating in extent and severity.

Causes of psoriasis

Psoriasis is multifactorial and is classified as an autoimmune hereditary skin disease that involves a complex interaction between the innate and adaptive immune systems.

About one-third of psoriasis patients have family members with psoriasis

Symptoms of psoriasis

Psoriasis usually appears as symmetrically distributed red, scaly plaques with well-defined edges. The crust is usually silvery white, except in skin folds where the plaques often appear shiny with a moist peeling surface.

The most common sites are the scalp, elbows, and knees, but any part of the skin can be affected. The plaques are usually very persistent without treatment.

Itching is mostly mild but may be severe in some patients, leading to scratching and increased skin marks. Painful skin cracks or fissures may occur, especially on the palms.

When psoriasis plaques go away, they may leave brown or pale marks (post-inflammatory hypopigmentation or hyperpigmentation) that are expected to fade over several months.

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