where is France concretely?

The deployment of 5G has indeed started, with commercialization announced for the end of the year. Many steps have in fact already been taken.

Faced with the outcry triggered by his short sentence comparing opponents of 5G, or simply skeptics, to Amish, Emmanuel Macron tried to smooth things over on Tuesday.

Responding directly to a tweet from the Citizen’s Climate Convention, which calls for a moratorium on the deployment of this technology, the President of the Republic assured:

“5G will be deployed in full transparency, with all environmental and health guarantees at each stage”

However, the deployment of 5G has indeed started in France, without any report having been provided and as the environmentalist mayor of Grenoble underlines, “by the back door”.

Indeed, if we go back to the chronology, on the Arcep site in charge of the procedure, we can easily understand that the State and the operators are one step ahead.

Experiments in 40 cities

The telecoms policeman specifies that around forty experiments have been carried out or are in progress since 2018, with “authorizations of the frequency bands anticipated on a temporary basis”.

We learn that experiments on the Internet of Things, connected mobility, the smart city, virtual reality or even the industry of the future are being carried out by operators in Paris, Lyon, Bordeaux, Nantes, Montpellier, Lille, the Lyon-Mâcon TGV line, etc. The complete list is available on the Arcep site.

But who says 5G says modification of existing antennas and new antennas, for some already installed, sometimes in catamini. One of the leaders of the protest, Eric Piolle (the mayor of Grenoble) explains it in a video:

“In Grenoble, there are experiments which were authorized and conducted without the validation of elected officials, without even consulting elected officials”

Frequencies already allocated

What about the allocation of frequencies? Initially, it is what Arcep calls the “5G core band” which is purchased by the various operators, namely around 3.5 GHz. By 2026, according to the roadmap published in 2018, the 26 GHz band should also be allocated.

Note in passing that the 3.5 GHz band is the one that worries the most since, and it is explained by ANSES, the higher the frequencies, the more the waves are absorbed by the surface layers of the skin and thus penetrate less deeply into the body.

Auctions on this famous tape are announced for the end of September. However, blocks of 50 MHz have already been allocated to four operators. Orange, Bouygues Telecom, SFR and Free each spent, in full confinement, 350 million euros to obtain them.

The remaining auctions are for 11 10 MHz blocks, valued at 75 million euros each. We’ll let you take out the calculator …

The rest of the calendar could not be simpler: new auctions will take place in October, this time for the positioning of the frequencies of the winners on each band, then the authorizations for the use of frequencies will be issued in November.

Arcep thus plans to open 5G commercially by the end of the year, and some operators are already offering “5G compatible packages”. Even with regard to smartphone use

“The truly innovative potential uses will not arrive before 2023 or 2024”

It’s Martin Bouygues himself who says it! He was also in favor of postponing the auction, as was SFR Managing Director Grégory Rabuel. Conversely, Xavier Niel, the boss of Free, who refutes any problem with 5G by speaking of “irrational health fears“, and Stéphane Richard, CEO of Orange, believe that the time for 5G has really come.

A report, but what report?

What about the consequences of this deployment on health and the environment? ANSES is working on the issue with scientific experts, but does not plan to return a copy before the first quarter of 2021.

Another report, dated September 2020, has just appeared very timely on the website of various ministries. This 190-page “block” is entitled “Deployment of 5G in France and around the world, aspects

technical and sanitary ”.

Commissioned by the government in July, it is based on data provided by the “regional economic services” of 22 countries and by “the 40 WHO correspondents in the field of radiofrequencies”.

We will come back to this report in more detail in an article devoted to health questions.

But as a member of the Citizen’s Climate Convention rightly points out, calling for a moratorium:

“The report does not take into account environmental aspects, it is written on page 1. It is therefore insufficient for the moment in view of the request made by the Citizens’ Convention. Is it so complicated to wait for this part before starting any debate? “

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