Early Diagnosis and Treatment of Epilepsy in Children: Improving Lives with Patient Genome Sequencing

2023-09-03 08:01:54

Epilepsy in children is one of the most common chronic diseases related to the nervous system, as it is less severe seizures than adults and is confined to the muscles of the arm, leg or back.

Sometimes these seizures affect the upward movement of the eyes, but they become more violent in some cases, especially with the lack of treatment, which may affect the child’s development.

The infection must be diagnosed and its causes identified early in order to be able to control it, which the current genetic test does not allow, as it takes several months.

Patient genome sequencing

Rapid genome sequencing plays a major role in the early diagnosis of epilepsy in children, according to a recent study conducted at 4 specialized centers in Canada, the United Kingdom, Australia and the United States.

The study showed several results for using the new method in the rapid detection of epilepsy in children, most notably an increase in diagnosis rates by 43%, which contributed to changing treatment plans for about 56% of children.

The best development of some cases predicted the possibility of stopping taking anti-convulsant drugs after controlling symptoms. The worst development is that other cases do not respond to anti-convulsant drugs in the future, which leads to an increase in the possibility of growth retardation. It may lead to mental disabilities. In both cases, expectations were important in the treatment.

Multiple types of epilepsy

Dr. Jamal Khaled al-Akhras, a specialist in brain and nerve diseases, explains that epilepsy that affects children may also affect adults at any age, explaining that epilepsy has many and varied types.

In an interview with Al-Arabi from Amman, he indicated that epilepsy may be linked to hereditary genes, especially in children, called “myoclonus”, which is the most common epilepsy disease.

Showing that the prevailing concept among the general public regarding epilepsy is that it is convulsions and loss of consciousness, confirming that the reality is completely different, especially with the existence of multiple and different types of epilepsy.

He believes that the new early diagnosis is important with regard to genetics and the detection of family members of the affected person, as it enables early detection of the disease in the rest of the genetic sequence of the same family.

It concludes that early detection helps provide early treatment and reduce the damage that may occur in the brain with weakness in mental and mental abilities.

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