Gender Differences in Diabetes Symptoms: What Men Experience That Women Don’t

2023-11-20 05:15:12

More and more people are developing diabetes. Do men experience certain symptoms that women do not?

According to the Federal Center for Health Education (BZgA), diabetes mellitus – also popularly known simply as diabetes – is one of the most common non-communicable diseases. An increased blood sugar level is characteristic of the metabolic disease. According to estimates, around seven million people live with diabetes mellitus in Germany. At around 93 percent, type 2 diabetes is the most common type.

Just like many other diseases, diabetes mellitus is associated with certain symptoms. Can these signs of illness differ between men and women?

Briefly explained: What is diabetes?

According to the Federal Ministry of Health (BMG), diabetes mellitus or diabetes is an umbrella term for various metabolic diseases. What the various forms of diabetes have in common is that they lead to elevated blood sugar levels because those affected suffer from a lack of insulin and/or a reduced insulin effect.

The main forms of diabetes mellitus include type 1 – an autoimmune disease that usually begins in childhood or adolescence – and type 2. According to the BMG, around 7.2 percent of 18 to 79 year olds in Germany suffer from diabetes. A large proportion of them (90 to 95 percent) suffer from type 2 diabetes. This type usually starts slowly. According to the University Hospital of Zurich (USZ), the likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes also increases with age. However, due to increasing obesity, younger people are now becoming more and more likely to develop type 2 diabetes mellitus.

By the way: It is also possible to have type 1 and type 2 diabetes at the same time. Then we talk about double diabetes.

Diabetes: What are the symptoms?

According to the USZ, diabetes develops gradually and therefore usually goes unnoticed for a long time. Diabetes symptoms occur particularly when the sugar level in the blood is high and the metabolism is derailed. Early detection is therefore even more important.

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These symptoms are typical for diabetes mellitus:

Strong and constant thirst Increased urge to urinate Weakness, tiredness, fatigue, difficulty concentrating Itching, dry skin Food cravings Vision problems Weakened immune system and susceptibility to infections

As a certified diabetes center, the Hescuro Clinic also describes the following symptoms:

Poor wound healing and infections Weight loss in diabetes Smell of acetone in the breath (only in type 1 diabetes) Depressive moods or depression

By the way: If you have some symptoms, you should act quickly to prevent a diabetic coma. According to a study, exercise can be a breakthrough in type 2 diabetes. And an AI should be able to tell from their voice whether a person has diabetes.

Diabetes: What symptoms occur in men?

Basically, the Hescuro Clinic explains on its website, men and women experience the same symptoms. This also includes psychological changes that can manifest themselves in aggressive behavior.

However, diabetes can also lead to a loss of libido. According to the Hescuro Clinic, this occurs more frequently in men in connection with erectile dysfunction. Women are more likely to suffer from menstrual disorders.

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