Understanding Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment Explained

2024-04-16 11:46:59

01:45 PM Tuesday, April 16, 2024

Written by: Hoda Abdel Nasser:

Dr. Tamer El-Gendy, a professor at the American University in Cairo, died after suffering severely from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis for 8 consecutive years, with most of the symptoms appearing from mild to severe, which led to his death.

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In the following report, the Consulto reviews everything related to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, according to the Medicalnewstoday website.

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What is amyotrophic lateral sclerosis?

The results of some studies have shown that amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a rare neurodegenerative disease that affects motor neurons in the brain and spinal cord. These cells control voluntary movement, which means that they control how muscles move, and therefore when these neurons die. The muscles that control them lose their function, leading to weakness and atrophy.

Read also: One of its complications is paralysis. Here is everything you need to know about amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Symptoms of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Symptoms of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis usually vary from person to person, but some of the most common symptoms are:

– Muscle weakness, starting in the arms or legs, and gradually spreading to other parts of the body.

– Muscular stiffness.

– Sudden muscle spasms.

– The shiver.

– Difficulty speaking.

– difficulty breathing.

– Inability to swallow.

– Urinary muscle weakness.

– Weakness of the intestinal muscles, leading to constipation or diarrhea.

Causes of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

The results of some research have confirmed that in most cases of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, the cause behind the disease is unknown, but there are some factors that can increase the risk of developing the disease, including:

– Age, as the risk of developing amyotrophic lateral sclerosis increases with age.

Gender: Men are more susceptible to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis than women.

– Family history of the disease.

– Some environmental factors such as exposure to toxic substances.

You may be interested in: Immune cells that may slow the progression of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Treatment of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Research has confirmed that there is no definitive treatment to get rid of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, but there are some treatments that can help relieve the symptoms, as they are evident in:

– Take some medications to control muscle spasms, relieve pain, and improve the functions of the nervous system.

– Undergoing physical therapy with the aim of maintaining muscle strength and improving range of motion.

– Use some assistive devices such as wheelchairs and crutches for ease of movement.

– Undergoing some lifestyle changes, such as eating small foods more than once a day.

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