European Union – France takes over the rotating EU presidency


President Emmanuel Macron has set the bar very high for the French presidency of the EU. “2022 must be the year of a European turning point,” he said on Friday evening.

French President Emmanuel Macron dreams of a “powerful” Europe.

France took the rotating presidency of the European Union for six months on Saturday with an ambitious program, a “powerful” and “sovereign” Europe, which however risks being shaken up by the new outbreak of Covid-19 and the presidential election of ‘April.

At midnight, it took over from Slovenia, which had chaired the Council of the EU since July 1, and will cede its turn in the second half to the Czech Republic. Symbol of this relay, the Eiffel Tower and the Elysee were illuminated at the same time in blue, the color of Europe. Dozens of other emblematic monuments will be displayed throughout France during the first week of January.

The Council of the EU represents the interests of the 27 member states vis-à-vis the Commission and the European Parliament. The six-monthly presidency convenes meetings of ministers, sets the agenda and conducts negotiations. For six months, France will therefore have a significant power of influence to advance certain subjects and find compromises at 27 even if the exercise, very supervised, involves neutrality and tact.

Berlin at the rendezvous

President Emmanuel Macron has set the bar very high for this “PFUE” (French presidency of the EU, according to a shortcut). “2022 must be the year of a European turning point”, he said Friday evening during his New Year’s greetings. It is about making “Europe powerful in the world, fully sovereign, free to his choices and master of his destiny, ”he had unrolled on December 9. Ambitions that he has continued to display since his election in 2017, not without straining some of his partners, especially Eastern Europeans.

He himself will not chair European summits or councils – a role devolved on the Belgian Charles Michel – but he will be able to influence the discussions and intervene in the event of a crisis. However, the EU is at a crossroads on a series of subjects, from security in Europe – tens of thousands of Russian soldiers are massed at the gates of Ukraine – to the health crisis which again obscures the horizon European economy.

Support by Olaf Scholz

Emmanuel Macron can count on the support of the new German Chancellor, the Social Democrat Olaf Scholz, who will chair the G7 in 2022. In his first New Year’s speech, Angela Merkel’s successor pleaded for a “more Europe sovereign and strong ”. “Our French friends can count on our support,” added the head of German diplomacy, Annalena Baerbock, in a statement to AFP.

France has set itself three priority projects for its presidency: the establishment of minimum wages throughout the EU, the regulation of digital giants and the creation of a carbon tax on products imported into Europe according to their impact. environmental.

Emmanuel Macron also advocates a reform of the Schengen area in order to better “protect the European borders” in the face of migratory crises, a subject which will be at the heart of the French presidential campaign.

“An asset and a risk”

He also intends to put on the table a revision of the budgetary rules – the famous Maastricht criteria – which frame European deficits in order to be able to finance more European investments and growth. And continue to push forward in defense Europe, despite the reluctance of certain partners, concerned above all with the protection of NATO.

This is the 13th rotating biannual presidency exercised by France since 1958 and the first since 2008. The presidential elections in May and legislative elections in June in France will however hit it head-on, reducing space and time by the same amount. to act. “Three months is very, very short. It’s going to be very sporty, ”observes Claire Demesmay, researcher at the Marc-Bloch center in Berlin.


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