How Long Does Nicotine Stay in Your Body? Factors Affecting Detection and Excretion

2023-06-02 09:48:47

12:47 PM

Friday 02 June 2023

Books – Karim Hassan

Nicotine is a highly addictive substance found in all tobacco products, including electronic cigarettes. The body breaks down nicotine into several chemicals, including cotinine, which can be detected in some drug tests.

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In the following lines, the “Consulto” explains how long the nicotine effect lasts in the body, according to the “Very well mind” website.

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What happens in the body when nicotine is consumed?

Nicotine works quickly in the body. After a cigarette is smoked, nicotine enters the bloodstream and reaches the brain within 20 seconds.

The amount of nicotine that enters the body varies depending on how it is consumed. For example, chewing or inhaling products containing nicotine can cause more of the substance to be released than if they were smoked.

After consuming nicotine, people quickly experience a surge of adrenaline, which causes blood pressure and heart rate to rise. Although the substance increases central nervous system activity, smokers often experience paradoxical feelings of relaxation.

Nicotine also increases levels of a chemical in the brain called dopamine, and this can improve mood and increase feelings of happiness.

When nicotine is smoked in the form of a cigarette or inhaled from another tobacco product, it is mostly absorbed through the lungs. Often, the nicotine is absorbed through the membranes of the mouth and throat. If you chew tobacco or use gum, lozenges, or nicotine patches, Nicotine can also be absorbed into the digestive tract or the skin.

Nicotine is metabolized mainly in the liver, but also in the lungs and kidneys, and is primarily excreted by the kidneys via urine and feces. Nicotine can also be found in saliva and hair.

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How long does nicotine stay in the body?

Urine: 3 to 20 days.

Blood: 48 hours to 21 days.

Saliva: 24 hours to 14 days.

Hair: up to 90 days.

Factors affecting the time of nicotine detection

Factors that can affect how quickly nicotine leaves the body include:

Age: With age, it becomes more difficult for the body to excrete nicotine, and this enables it to stay in the body for a longer period.

Body mass: Nicotine can be stored in adipose tissue, therefore, the higher the percentage of body fat, the more detectable nicotine is in the body.

Genetics: Research has found that a person’s genetic makeup can influence the metabolic rate of nicotine.

Hydration level: Drinking water can help speed up nicotine release.

Level of physical activity: The skin helps regulate the excretion of metabolic waste, so as sweating increases during physical activity, excretion rates increase.

Type, frequency and history of use: The more you use, the longer it takes to leave.

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