What is pericarditis and what are its most prominent symptoms?

Pericarditis is inflammation of the pericardium, a sack-like structure with two thin layers of tissue that surrounds the heart to hold it in place and help it function. A small amount of fluid keeps the layers separated so that friction between them decreases as the heart beats the heart.

According to the heart site, a common symptom of pericarditis is chest pain caused by inflammation of the layers of the sac and possibly friction of the heart. You may feel the pain of a heart attack.

Pericarditis can be attributed to several factors, including viral, bacterial, fungal, and other infections. Other possible causes of pericarditis include a heart attack or heart surgery, other medical conditions, injuries, and medications.

Pericarditis can be acute, which means it comes on suddenly and usually doesn’t last for long. Or the condition may be “chronic,” meaning it develops over time and may take longer to treat.

Both types of pericarditis can disrupt your heart’s normal function. In rare cases, pericarditis can have very serious consequences, which can lead to arrhythmias and death.

Pericarditis is often mild and may go away on its own with rest or simple treatment. Sometimes, more intensive treatment is needed to prevent complications.

Causes of pericarditis

The cause of pericarditis is often unknown, although viral infections are a common cause. Pericarditis may occur after a respiratory or gastrointestinal infection.

Chronic and recurrent pericarditis may be caused by autoimmune disorders such as lupus, scleroderma, and rheumatoid arthritis. These are disorders in which the body’s immune system makes antibodies that mistakenly attack body tissues or cells.

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Other possible causes of pericarditis are:

Heart attack and heart surgery

Kidney failure, HIV/AIDS, cancer, tuberculosis and other health problems

Accident injuries or radiation therapy

some medicine

Who is at risk of developing pericarditis?

Pericarditis affects people of all ages, but men between the ages of 16 and 65 are most likely to develop it.

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